Naukograd (Russian наукоград, literally " science city " ) in Russia is one of the states currently have around 70 places officially or unofficially. Characteristic of a Naukograd is the high concentration of scientific research and / or production equipment on its territory.

General Description

Naukograd as an independent concept emerged in the early 1990s with the establishment of a charitable association in the town of Zhukovsky for the promotion and development of science sites. Today this club collar is called for the development of Naukograds Russia ( Союз развития наукоградов России ) and hosts under its auspices around 70 cities, urban-type settlements, neighborhoods and rural villages. Since the adoption of the federal law "On the status of a Naukograds " on 7 April 1999, the Naukograd status a place that meets certain criteria, in this respect, forgive officially limited by the Government of the Russian Federation. According to Article 8 of this Act have Naukograds entitled to state subsidies to promote their scientific bodies and the associated infrastructure. 2008 had a total of 14 cities that status in accordance with the Naukograd - law, of which nine were in the Moscow Oblast.

Allen Naukograds is common in research and development, the high degree of specialization of the urban economy. So one has a place in accordance with law at least 50 % of its total economic output in scientific and technical fields produce in order to maintain the status can also at least 15 % of the workforce must be employed in the local organizations of the science sector. In general, such cities get the Naukograd status in which research is conducted in certain classified as forward-looking and strategically important subject areas, so among other things, nuclear engineering, aerospace, chemistry or biotechnology.

List of Naukograde

Officially in Russia have the following places the Naukograd status:

  • Bijsk (since 2005)
  • Dubna (since 2001)
  • Fryazino (since 2003)
  • Koltsovo (since 2003)
  • Korolyov (since 2001)
  • Michurinsk (since 2003)
  • Obninsk (since 2000)
  • Peterhof (since 2005)
  • Protwino (since 2008)
  • Pushchino (since 2005)
  • Reutov (since 2003)
  • Zhukovsky (since 2007)
  • Troitsk (since 2007)
  • Chernogolovka (since 2008)