The term liquor referred to a larger number of vessels. It is used for commercial and naval ships.
For Germany, Article 27 of the Basic Law: " All German merchant vessels form one merchant fleet. " In some other countries is between the actual merchant fleet, a research and a fishing fleet distinguished.
Also in the passagierbefördernden Marine (also known as passenger ships or passenger ships ) is a set of passenger ships, cruise ships, ferries, etc. sometimes referred to as fleet, such as the White Fleet.
In military parlance, the term liquor may be defined differently:
- General term for the Navy of a country
- Main part of the active combat units of a Marine ( most common use )
- United Association within a Marine
- Also major units of the Air Force were sporadically referred to as air fleets.
Fleets can be further subdivided into flotillas or squadrons. They are either run by a flagship or headquarters ashore.
Fleets in Germany
In the different phases of German naval history was the term fleet mostly a summary of the major combat units such as the line ships or battleships understood that should be used together in battle. Smaller units usually were not under the fleet, but regional naval commanders. In the Imperial Navy, most ships were initially disabled in the winter, and only in the summer of each year, an exercise fleet was established. Only at the beginning of the 20th century originated with the High Seas Fleet a permanent fleet. In the Imperial Navy and the Navy there was a fleet commander, the great ships were assumed for the respective application.
In the German Navy's combat and support units, most of the Navy were summarized in the fleet, led by the commander of the fleet in the Fleet Command. With the reorientation of the Bundeswehr, the higher command authorities were summarized in the Navy Command on 1 October 2012, which took over the main functions of fleet commands. The term fleet is omitted it.
Fleets in the U.S.
The U.S. Navy distinguishes between administrative and operational fleets. The administrative fleets are the Atlantic Fleet and the Pacific Fleet, the use fleets are the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th Fleet, which are assigned to specific territories.
Soviet and Russian fleets
The Soviet Navy was divided into four fleets that continue to exist in the Russian Navy: