Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa; official: Spanish Comunidad Foral de Navarra, Basque Nafarroako Foru Komunitatea, Chartered Community of Navarre German ) is an autonomous community and province in northern Spain. It covers the south of the Pyrenees park of the historic Kingdom of Navarre. Capital is Pamplona (Basque Iruña ). The population of Navarra is 644,477 (as of 2013).
Navarre extends from the western Pyrenees to the upper Ebro valley and one of the smallest autonomous communities of Spain. In the north of the main ridge of the Pyrenees forms the border with France, in the west borders of Navarre to the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country provinces of Gipuzkoa and Álava belonging, in the south it borders the region of La Rioja and on the east by Aragon. Furthermore, also the surrounding of Aragon exclave petilla de Aragón is one of Navarre.
In the region, the wine region of Navarra is located.
Furthermore, the Bardenas desert located in the southeast real.
The autonomy of Navarre is based not only on the provisions of the Spanish Constitution of 1978 on the possible establishment of autonomous communities, but also to the historical rights of the foral enacting territories that have been explicitly recognized by the Spanish Constitution and in the case of Navarre on the former kingdom decline, which retained its independent internal institutions until the mid 19th century. This provision is based on full financial autonomy of Navarre. Consequently, the taxes, the Autonomous Community of feeds on the area it administers and conducts only from a by a bilateral agreement ( convenio económico ) fixed sum to the Spanish central government. Navarre would have to connect the process of autonomy of the Basque country after the Spanish Constitution, which did not happen.
Rather, Navarre decided to reform its because of two laws of 1839 and 1841 continuing Foralordnung (of foral ). The " constitutional process " is substantially different from that of the other 16 autonomous communities. The " Statute of Autonomy " Navarre is the Ley Orgánica 13/1982, de 10 de agosto de Reintegración y Amejoramiento del Régimen Foral de Navarra ( LORAFNA ). Already by the title is longer than the other Autonomous Communities a historical continuity stresses, it is not a complete foundation, but merely the reform of something already existing. The law of 1839 provided that a change in the foral ( ie the special regional law ) required the approval of the central government and the region of Navarra, in a way, contract character receives. Thus, as the resulting Act of 1841 also known as Ley Paccionada is referred to ("the negotiated Law"). This Agreement character is also found in the legislative process on the LORAFNA again: first, the Central Government and the Provincial Council agreed ( the regional government ) on a joint text, by the regional parliament and the two chambers of the total Spanish Parliament ( Cortes Generales ), each in a single reading was treated without the possibility of amendments, which corresponds rather to the ratification of an international treaty as the ordinary legislative procedure. This method provides the LORAFNA also for subsequent changes to his text.
Navarre has Policía Foral with as well as the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country and Catalonia has its own police force that is not subject to the Spanish Ministry of the Interior, but the regional government.
Navarre is divided according to the regional legislation in three linguistic zones. In the zona vascófona ( baskischsprachige zone ) and the zona mixta (mixed zone) is Basque kooffizielle official language, while in the zona no vascófona (non Basque-speaking zone) only Spanish has official status.
- Among the 62 municipalities of Zona vascófona ( Basque-speaking area ) include: alsasua
- Abaurrea Alta
- Baztan with Elizondo
- Bera (Vera de Bidasoa )
- Among the 48 municipalities of the zona mixta ( mixed zone) include: Ansoáin
- Puente la Reina
- Among the 162 municipalities of Zona no vascófona ( non- Basque-speaking area ) include: berriozar
- Zizur Mayor
(As of 1 January 2005)
See also: List of municipalities in Navarra
After Madrid, Navarra and the Basque Country is the drittwohlhabendste region of Spain. Expressed in comparison with the EU GDP in purchasing power standards reached Navarra an index of 132 (EU -27: 100 ) (2006 ).
Major employers include a Volkswagen plant in Pamplona, in which the model VW Polo is made, the wind turbine manufacturer Gamesa Eólica, a subsidiary of Gamesa Corporación Tecnológica, a Liebherr plant (production of tower cranes and concrete mixers ) and the BSH Bosch and Siemens home appliance works in Estella and Esquiroz and the seat of the Spanish Society BSH Electrodomésticos España Sa in Huarte.
1978, the hotel group NH Hoteles was founded in Navarre, which in Europe is now the third largest operator of hotels for business trips.