Nawab ( Urdu: نواب; Hindi: नवाब, Navab; Bengali: নবাব, nabab; derived from the Arabic word Nā ʾ ib ( نائب /, deputy governor '); into German figuratively received as Nabob ) is a historical ruler title in South Asia.

In the Mughal Empire in India, the word originally referred to an emissary of the Emperor or Viceroy, later the title came to mean " provincial governor ". During the period of decline of the Mughal Empire in the first half of the 18th century, many provincial governors could start their own hereditary prince dynasties, but retained the title of " Nawab ", and reigned in form continued in the name of the Mughal emperor, in order not to challenge the legitimacy of their rule. It was then " Nawab " for the typical title of a Muslim ruler in the subcontinent. However, there were other titles Muslim provincial rulers as primarily that of the Nizams of Hyderabad. Non - Muslim princes were as Rajas, Maharajas Raos or titled.

At the time of removal of the last Mogul and the establishment of the British Empire in India after the great uprising of 1857, the ruler of the following territories had this item: Avadh (1856 sold ), Bahawalpur (now in Pakistan ), Baoni, Banganapalle, Basoda, Bhopal, Cambay, Isa Khel (now Pakistan), Jaora, Junagadh, Kalabagh (now Pakistan), Kurnool, Kurwai, Malerkotla, Manavadar, Muhammadgarh, Palanpur, Pataudi, Radhanpur, Rampur, Sachin and Tonk. The Nawabs of Bengal had been deposed by the British earlier.

The title for the wife of a Nawab is Begum.

The word " nabob "

From this meaning starting, also a metaphorical second meaning found: after a " Nabob " one who returns from the Far East to Europe after he has there, brought it some with questionable methods to a large fortune, or just a man of great wealth and influence.

  • Indian history
  • Ruler title