The NBA Draft is an event of the NBA basketball league in which the teams in the league can acquire the rights to available young players. Mostly the gedrafteten players coming right out of college, but also from leagues outside of North America and formerly of high school. Since the NBA Draft 2006 Players are only allowed to have at least one year completed high school and will be until the end of the year in which occurs the Draft least 19 years old.
Currently, the NBA Draft will be held in two rounds in which a total of 60 players can be selected. Here, every team in the NBA has in each round once the opportunity to select a player. The order in the Draft is determined by the performance of the teams in the last regular season. Placements in the playoffs are not observed. The worst teams are allowed to select as the first player, while the Master of last season is in each round as the last of the series. The 14 teams that did not qualify for the playoffs, be entitled to the first 14 electoral rights. For teams that have no chance to qualify for the playoffs, not intentionally bad play to cut as bad as possible in the table and thus to be very early in the draft of the series, there is the draft lottery. Through the lottery manipulation attempts are to be prevented.
The NBA Draft Lottery introduced the 1985. They usually take place at the end of May, about a month before the draft, instead. In a lottery wheel are 14 balls numbered from 1 to 14. It will be in the lottery four balls drawn and the balls drawn result in a combination, the order of the numbers does not matter (eg: The draw 1-2-3-4 is synonymous with the draw 4-3-2-1 ). Overall, there are 1,001 possible combinations, the combination is 11-12-13-14 neglected to get exactly to the number 1000.
Prior to the draft lottery, the 1,000 number combinations are assigned to 14 teams. It is a weighted lottery, which is why the worst team last season with 250 assigned combinations has the best chance to win.
The following weighting applies to the Draft Lottery. The worst team is set to square one, the best of the non-qualified for the playoffs teams in 14th place:
The lottery proceeds in three rounds. Four numbers are drawn in each round and the team that has the right combination of numbers, wins the round. In the first round is determined which team the first right to vote in the Draft, the "first - overall draft pick " gets. In the second and third round, then the teams are determined, which are set to position two and three of the NBA Draft.
Teams may submit draft electoral rights in transfers to other teams, but also obtained. So it happens that a team may often select players in a round twice or even while other teams can not select a player in a game, because they have given their right to vote in a transfer.
Selection of players
All U.S. players were previously automatically available for the NBA Draft, when they leave the College. By 2005, U.S. players were also able to announce their availability for the draft at any time between graduating from high school and their time at the College. International players could declare itself available when they are in the Drafts 18 years old.
Since the NBA Draft 2006, the rules have changed in order to participate in the draft can:
- All players must be at the end of at least 19 years old.
- U.S. players have to leave at least one year of high school.
Players that are not automatically available to the Draft must sign up to a specified date for the draft and will be tested to determine their abilities for the Draft are sufficient.
The NBA Draft takes place mostly in June after the playoffs. In the order that is specified in the draft lottery, now select the teams from a total of 60 players. The team that comes first in the draft order, has thus select the best possibilities and the most talent of the vintage.
The teams must give players selected in the first round, at least a one-year contract. Players who are selected in the second round, " belong" to the Team for three years, but must not be put under contract.
Draft Bust and Sleeper
With the amount of draft position and the expectations rise to the gedrafteten players. Are particularly high expectations of players who will be selected first. Although some hochgedraftete players play a solid and long career, but never fall to much. Others disappear after a few years out of the league, whether due to injury, stagnant development or external reasons ( drug abuse, doping, etc.). Such players are ( to German as: bankruptcy ) in retrospect as Bust referred.
As a historical Draft Busts Sam Bowie, Kent Benson, LaRue Martin, Pervis Ellison, Joe Smith or Joe Barry Carroll apply. Especially Sam Bowie is widely regarded as the greatest bust in the NBA called history. In the 1984 NBA Draft the Portland Trail Blazers Bowie preferred the future superstars Michael Jordan, Charles Barkley and John Stockton. Bowie played a plagued by injury, not more than solid NBA career and finished this at the early age of 33 years.
In the recent draft history Michael Olowokandi, Kwame Brown, Darko Milicic Robert Traylor or be called as a draft bust. Currently Hasheem Thabeet apply and Greg Oden as the most promising candidates Bust. Tragically, this was the career Oden, who was drafted in the first place by the Portland Trail Blazers in the NBA Draft 2007. He came as the largest center of hope for decades in the NBA, but injured himself several times heavy and had been for more than half of his career sidelined due to injury. On the other side of him they drafted Kevin Durant became the superstar.
As Sleeper (alternatively Steal ) are called players who end up at the annual talent choice beyond the top 10, but prove in retrospect to be lucky handles and play a very successful career. The most common Sleeper are Karl Malone, John Stockton, Steve Nash, Kobe Bryant, Alex English, Ron Artest, Rajon Rondo, Michael Redd, Emanuel Ginóbili, Rashard Lewis, Danny Granger and Maurice Cheeks.