Neoclassicism refers to a the entire European music culture from around 1920, by withdrawing aesthetic flow. In apparent rejection of late-Romantic expressivity of impressionism and expressionism of neoclassicism is characterized by the pursuit of clarity, simplicity and classicism. In Neoclassicism a new tonal and largely linear certain music, the 18th century ( late Baroque and early Classical ) often serves as a model for compositional techniques, forms and genres emerged.
The music- historical concept of neoclassicism (not to be confused with the neo-classical from the late 1980s ) was born after 1920 in Paris in the environment of artists such as Igor Stravinsky, Jean Cocteau and Les Six. Jean Cocteau called " one of the individual detached, objective art, which leaves the listener with clear consciousness."
The compositional flow of neoclassicism is sometimes mistakenly referred to as the neo-baroque. Despite the difficult delimitation ( neoclassicism attacked alongside classic and late Baroque forms and stylistic devices on ) has the term enforced Neoclassicism in music history and the relevant professional music encyclopedias ( MGG, New Grove Dictionary).
Works and composers
Key elements of neoclassicism are already apparent in works such as Maurice Ravel's " Menuet Antique" (1895 ) or Sergei Prokofiev's "Symphonie Classique " (1916 /17, UA 1918).
Neoclassical embossed works attributed, among other composers of Les Six (Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc, Germaine Tailleferre ) further Claude Arrieu, Bacewicz, Aram Khachaturian, Johann Nepomuk David, Jean Françaix, Paul Graener, Philipp Jarnach, Paul Hindemith, Zoltán Kodály, Frank Martin, Bohuslav Martinů, Peter Mieg, Goffredo Petrassi, Sergei Prokofiev, Joaquín Rodrigo, Albert Roussel, Igor Stravinsky, Dmitri Shostakovich and Viktor Ullmann.
In organ building Neoclassicism refers to a dominant especially in France between about 1925 and 1975 instrument type, the French Baroque ("classical " ) seeks to connect, French romantic and North German Baroque sound elements with modern technology ( " l' orgue néoclassique " ). This flow found in the organ movement after the Second World War its peak.