The city and self-governing community Neringa listen? / I in Lithuania south of Klaipėda consists of the villages, on the Curonian Spit. It is not a municipality ( miesto savivaldybė ) dubs, but as a health resort ( kurortas ). She is one of the two Lithuanian resorts, which are called as a church like that. It extends over a length of about 50 km.
April / n -kur. " Neria, Nerge, neringia ": country on and dives like a swimmer. According to legend the name dates back to a beautiful girl, the sand has piled up.
Neringa is one of the original südkurischen landscapes Pilsaten and Lamotina. Already in 1569 there was on the Spit, a " confusion of tongues " between German (government, church, school ), Lithuanian, Latvian Curonian ( Nehrungskurisch ) and Old Prussian. Curonian was much the language of the fishermen. The plebiscite of 1897 showed that from 1644 inhabitants of the main places of 994 ( approximately 60%) nehrungskurische the language used, even when fishing in 1064 (around 65%), as it is also concerned about a technical language. Because no Curonian services were offered more in the churches, was preached in Lithuanian, so that almost all treatments could understand and speak Lithuanian.
As the Spit in 1923 came to Lithuania, got the Nehrungsbewohner nationality problems: only a few opted for the Lithuanian membership, many emigrated to Germany, others were now living abroad as German further in their villages. 147 families were interviewed in 1956, and there was a majority of Großlitauern (59%) and Russians (21 %). Only 22 families (15 %) of the indigenous population were left.
1961, the formerly independent villages of the Lithuanian part of the Curonian Spit were merged to form the unit Neringa municipality. The administrative headquarters is located in Nida. By the end of the Second World War, the Spit of 1252 was (except for the years 1923 to 1938 ) to Germany. Today live in Neringa next to the Lithuanian population majority members of the Russian minority in Lithuania. Neringa is one of the most scenic resorts of the Baltic Sea region.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Neringa was confirmed in 1968. The characters in the upper part of Arms are symbols of old black -and-white pennant cures ( Clockwise from top left: Nida, Preil, Perwelk, Schwarzort, Purwin ). In the lower part of the emblem in blue with a silver letter N for the place name. The coat of arms was designed by the architect Ricarda Kristapavicius.
The self-governing community ( Neringos savivaldybė ) consists of:
- Directly managed health resort settlement Nida ( German: Nida ) - 1178 inhabitants, the capital and administrative center,
And the two offices ( seniūnijos )
- Juodkrantės seniūnija with 254 inhabitants includes the settlements ( gyvenvietė ): Juodkrantė ( German: Schwarzort ) - 720 inhabitants
- Alksnyne ( German: Erlen Horst ) - farmstead with 4 residents
- Preila ( German: Preil ) - 205 inhabitants
- Pervalka ( German: Perwelk ) - 40 inhabitants
In today's municipal territory of Neringa also then buried under sand dunes places Karvaiciai were ( Karwaiten ) and Nagliai ( Neegeln ).
Of importance, tourism is on the Spit, on the Baltic Sea and the Curonian Lagoon.
In the summer months, hourly public bus service on the route Nida-Juodkrante-Smyltine/Klaipėda
It will be in the summer months in Nida two -run taxi / lithuanian " maršrutiniai taksis " operated: Line 1: Center - Kuwerto g - beach - center; Line 2: Center - Purvynes g - beach - center These taxis minibuses with 17 seats - can be stopped on their route anywhere. The fare is independent of the route for an adult 2:50 litas.
Neringa has been twinned with the German town of Fehmarn in the Baltic Sea island of the same name, which belongs to the Schleswig -Holstein and the Polish town of Leba.