Even as a 13 -year-old studied Marriner violin at the Royal College of Music in London and later at the Paris Conservatoire. From 1950 to 1959 he was professor of violin at the Royal College of Music. In 1952, he was a violinist for the London Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1959 he founded the chamber orchestra Academy of St. Martin in the Fields, in the same London church had initially located. With it, he played a number of orchestral works.
From 1969 to 1979 he was conductor of the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra, then to 1986, music director of the Minnesota Orchestra. From 1983 to 1989 he headed the Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra of the South German Radio.
1985 played the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields under his direction the film music for an Amadeus.
He received a knighthood in 1985 (→ Knight Bachelor).
Since 1990, Sir Neville worked as a freelance conductor in Europe and the United States.
Neville Marriner is the father of the clarinettist Andrew Marriner.