23.632.816666666667Koordinaten: 23 ° 36 'N, 32 ° 49 ' E
Kalabsha (Arabic كلابشة, DMG Kalabsha ); was a place in today's Egypt in Nubia and is the modern name for the ancient Talmis. The place was about 50 kilometers south of Aswan to 195 meters above sea level and is now submerged in Lake Nasser.
The place was in its heyday as a local center of power after the introduction of Christianity in the 6th century. To defend against nomadic raids, he was surrounded by a city wall, as they were similar to several centuries previously erected in Faras and in Christian times in Ikhmindi, Sabagura and Sheik Daud. Characteristic of the Nubian defenses were angled Torvorbauten.
Kalabsha is known for its temple complex: Here stood the whole built in sandstone main temple of the Nubian God Mandulis and goddess Isis of Philae. In the temple, the temple house is only 77 meters long, is the largest free-standing temple in Lower Nubia. Surrounded by a 15 -meter-high brick wall temple district has the dimensions of 66 × 92 meters.
Ptolemy VIII had to replace a sanctuary of the 18th dynasty by a small temple. This temple was replaced under Augustus of a larger system. The inscriptions and decorations of the temple remained unfinished. In Christian times parts of the plant were converted into a church.
The temple of Kalabsha was dismantled during the construction of the Aswan Dam 1961-1963 under German leadership in 13,000 blocks and built together with the salvaged from some other places temples on the island of New Kalabsha just south and within sight of the dam of Aswan again. A discovered in the foundations of the temple, when removing previous building, which was built under Ptolemy VIII, was built on the island of Elephantine again. One also found in the foundations of older and used as filler gate construction was made by the Egyptian side of the Federal Republic of Germany in gratitude for their help in the UNESCO Campaign to Save Nubian antiquities to the present and is located since 1973 in the Berlin Egyptian Museum. A move to the Pergamon Museum is planned. In the immediate vicinity and the Kiosk of Kertassi to New Kalabsha was rebuilt.
The temple stands on the World Heritage list of UNESCO since 1979.