New Plymouth is the largest city in the Taranaki region - but not their capital - as well as the administrative headquarters of the New Plymouth District on the North Island of New Zealand. It has 49,500 inhabitants.
- 3.1 Tourism
- 3.2 energy
- 3.3 Banking
- 3.4 Agriculture
The more than 2200 km ² large district borders with its entire north-west coast of the Tasman Sea, to the north joins the Waitomo District ( Waikato region ) in the east of Ruapehu District ( Manawatu-Wanganui Region ) and in the south of Stratford District (mostly region Taranaki ) on. The cities of Auckland and Wellington are both about the same distance from New Plymouth. For a trip with the car it takes about five hours. A flight takes about fifty minutes.
The area was founded in the 1841 New Plymouth, was for centuries the home of many Māori tribes. The first Europeans who operated in the area, were whalers. 1840 went here the first European settlers (mainly from England, Poland, Switzerland, the Netherlands, China and India) from aboard the ship " William Bryant ". At first it was just for the new settlers to acquire land. The demand for new land led to conflict with the Māori who were not willing to sell their land and were thus expropriated. This conflict was the trigger for two of the New Zealand wars in Taranaki, which lasted for ten years and led to large losses for Māori who were inferior to the British soldiers far.
A strongly growing sector of the district is tourism. In New Plymouth to take a holiday or to live at all is also why more and more popular, because one finds excellent surfing conditions on the coast (hence the name " Surf Highway 45") and is not far from the Mount Taranaki ( Stratford District ) drive need to migrate there in Egmont National Park or skiing in the winter or snowboarding.
In New Plymouth itself there is a remarkable botanical garden and - at least at the time of their installation - quite controversial 45-meter- high sculpture by Len Lye, called wind wall ( wind wand ). The Govett - Brewster Art Gallery in New Plymouth exists the most important collection of contemporary art in the whole of Australasia.
Off the coast of the district has some of the largest oil and gas reserves in the country. Thus, even in oil and gas processing plants and companies exist mainly in New Plymouth on the petrochemical sector.
New Plymouth is on the Taranaki region, a growing financial center. Here is the Taranaki Savings Bank (TSB ) is the only Bank of New Zealand, which is not part of the government and at the same time has no foreign shareholders.
The fourth sector, agriculture is mentioned. Here there is, as in the entire region, the dairy industry before.
Famous sons and daughters of the town
- Hannah Bromley ( born 1986 ), football player
- Melanie Lynskey ( born 1977 ), actress
- Mishima in Japan ( since 29 April 1991)
- Kunming in China (11 August 2003)