New World

The New World is a historical European designation for the 1492 discovered by the Spanish under Christopher Columbus America. The New World was previously known Old World, consisting of Europe, Asia and Africa, compared.

Columbus believed supposedly until his death in 1506 that he had discovered on the globe with his ride to the west islands and parts of Asia, which was then called as a collective term India. For this reason, the Spaniards called America until the 18th century, Las Indias. Held for Central America and the Caribbean islands to the 19th century, the name West Indies (see also: West Indies ). The conviction of some geographers and explorers, including Amerigo Vespucci in 1500 that a "new continent" had been discovered, but was soon confirmed.

Nevertheless incorrectly until the end of the 20th century, the Native Americans in English as Red Indians were referred to Germans as Indians and the natives of Central and South America as Indians.

Today's use

Today, the term pair is rarely in use:

  • In the historical context, when speaking of the discovery of America by the Europeans;
  • In biology, if animal or plant groups are divided according to their occurrence in New World and Altweltorganismen ( biogeography );
  • In the winery where wines are to be classified according to their production areas.
  • In the music of Antonín Dvořák 's Symphony No. 9 is called " From the New World ".
  • In the Japanese anime series One Piece The New World is the second, and more dangerous half of the Grand Line ( Grand Line = Popular sea route from pirates, which consists of two halves )