Nhulunbuy, Gove also called, is a town on the northern tip of the Gove Peninsula in Arnhem Land in Australia's Northern Territory. The mineworkers was founded in 1972 because the local Gove bauxite mine and refinery. It is located 996 kilometers east of Darwin and 12 kilometers southeast of the Aboriginal settlement Yirrkala.
In the area around Nhulunbuy live for more than 40,000 years the Aboriginal people of the Yolngu.
Matthew Flinders met in 1803 during his circumnavigation of Australia on a fleet of Makassar, near the present village, who collected sea cucumbers. The Macassan lying near Nhulunbuy Beach was named after them.
1955 bauxite was discovered in the territory of the Gove Peninsula. After the Australian government had in 1963 approved the bauxite mining, protested the Aborigines of the Yolngu and handed over the Australian Government's Yolngu Bark Petition, a painted on tree bark protest. Thus their concerns received national and international attention. However, they lost in court. Nevertheless, the former mining company offered a compensation payment and stated that they will respect the sacred places of the Aborigines. The bauxite mining began in 1972.
Since 2007, the Gove bauxite mine and refinery is owned by Rio Tinto Alcan Gove with a mining lease over an area of 22625.7 ha Rio Tinto has further on the Gove Peninsula processing, harbor areas and a plant for the production of energy the operation of the refinery. The Gove mining is to reduce 85 million tons of bauxite in the situation and to produce 3.8 million tonnes of alumina.
Rirratjingu, Gumatj and Galpu Traditional Owners, Northern Land Council and Rio Tinto signed in 2011 a contract for a mining permit over 42 years until 2053rd
In Nhulunbuy 4112 people live. In 2009, Rio Tinto mine 851 people, including 10 per cent of Aboriginal people. Rio Tinto Alcan holds various types of accommodation in front of his staff. This range extends from single rooms to house for families. There is also accommodation for tourists in Gove Motel and Walkabout Lodge.
A road connection from Darwin via the Stuart Highway and the 700-km Bulman track, a road that can be traveled only with permission during the dry season with four-wheel vehicles. The staff of Rio Tinto is usually flown. The Gove Airport, which is Close to the village, the airlines Qantas and Airnorth to fly. There is also the possibility with the ship to this location to get.
The town maintains a infrastructure, including a Anlernzentrum Arnhem Early Learning Centre for Aboriginal to start work at Rio Tinto, a Preschool, Primary School, High School, Christian School. In Nhulunbuy is a branch of the Charles Darwin University, a public library, the Gove District Hospital, a private medical center and dental service.
Near the village there are bays, cliffs and forests along the rivers. The natural beauties are the Little Bondi Beach, the Cape Arnhem, the Latram River and Giddy River.