The Nitriansky kraj ( Nitra Region ) is an administrative region ( Regional Council ) in south-western Slovakia.
The Kraj consists of the following 7 districts ( okresy ):
- Nové Zámky (including Štúrovo )
- Zlaté Moravce
The Kraj has 6344 km ² and 689 564 inhabitants ( as at 31 December 2011). The landscape is mostly covered by the great Danubian Lowland; the southwest part of the valley is from the Danube plain ( including also includes the Great Rye Island ) covered and the rest belongs to the Danube hills. In the northern half of Krajs there are also some mountains, but all below 1000 m nm: in the northwest of Inowetz, then the Tribeč north of Nitra, Pohronský Inovec in the Northeast and Štiavnica Hills in the east. Major rivers are the mighty Danube in the south, which also forms the border with Hungary, the Waag with the Little Danube in the southwest, the Nitra by the West, the Hron in the east and the border river Ipeľ in the southeast. The highest mountain is the Velky Inovec in Pohronský Inovec (901 m nm); the lowest point is on the Danube near Chľaba where the river leaves (102 m nm) Slovakia.
There are three protected landscape areas in Kraj: Dunajské luhy ( Donauauen ) Ponitrie ( Nitra region, here: Tribeč ) and Štiavnica Hills ( Selmec mountains).
Administratively borders of the territory of the Trenčín Region in the north, Banskobystrický Region in the east, Hungarian counties Nógrád and plague in the southeast, counties Komárom- Esztergom and Győr- Moson -Sopron in the south and southwest, and the Trnavský kraj in the West.
Historical administrative division
Historically happen today Kraj was divided in the Kingdom of Hungary in various counties: in the area of Nitra and in the west there was the same county Neutra. To the two cities Zlaté Moravce and Levice lay around the county perch and in the east there was a part of the Hont county. Along the Danube, the territory belonged to Gran and Komárom counties. In the far west, smaller parts of the county were Pressburg.
Development after the collapse of Austria - Hungary in 1918:
The population density is 111/km ², almost the same as the Slovak average ( 110/km ²). Regional capital is Nitra ( Neutra ); other medium-sized cities are Topoľčany ( Großtopoltschan ), Komárno ( Komárom ), Nové Zámky ( Neuhäusel ) and Levice ( Levice ). Overall, the landscape association of 354 municipalities, 15 cities. The Slovaks form, according to the 2001 census 70 % of the population. Particularly strong here, the Hungarian minority ( 27.6%) is represented; Hungarians form ( 69.1 %) and are strongly represented in the southern districts a majority in Okres Komárno.
After religion, the Roman Catholic church dominates with 77 %; more churches are represented, the Reformed Church with 4.7 % and the Evangelical Church with 3.4%. One -ninth of the population identified themselves as atheists.