Noi Bai International Airport
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The Noi Bai International Airport is the second largest airport in Vietnam (after Tan Son Nhat International Airport in Ho Chi Minh City) and the largest in North Vietnam. He is the airport of the capital Hanoi and the newest and most modern of the three international airports in Vietnam.
Began in 1960 with construction work on a military airfield in the lowlands of the Red River, about 20 kilometers north of Hanoi.
After the Vietnam War and the reunification of Vietnam in 1975, the airfield was brought to the standard of a civil airport. Nevertheless, a first passenger terminal building was completed in 1980. The building was 1700 square feet and was able to check in 300 passengers per hour. In the following years four more terminals were built, which were able to cope with an annual capacity of 2 million passengers.
In 1995, the government decided to release into a single building to pool and decided the construction of a high-performance passenger building. Five years later, the current Terminal 1 was opened. The building is intended to symbolize a lotus flower.
Beginning of 2006, the new four- kilometer-long southern slope inaugurated. End of 2006, the old passenger boarding bridges were replaced by new, glass and some added.
Another hangar, a new catering building and a cargo terminal are either under construction or are in the final planning stage.
The airport area is about 1000 hectares. The airport is located 20 kilometers north of Hanoi City center near the city Thach Loi.
The two start and runways run east-west direction. The two slopes are 3800 and 4000 meters long and 60 meters wide. They are separated by a 188 -meter-wide strip of grass. At the northern slopes there are five on - taxiway, two Schnellabrollwege at a 30 ° angle. The southern slope is also crossed by five to and Abrollwegen leading to the northern part of the web.
The military institutions are now north of the two slopes. The civilian part of the airport extends south from the slopes. South of the two slopes is on a full-length taxiway. North of the slopes there is a small taxiway, which can be berollt only by small aircraft.
At the passenger terminal building ( Terminal 1), a motorway- expressway goes along.
In the northwest there are some shell-like fighter aircraft shelters. South of the start and runways are from west to east, the passenger building, the Tower, the building for state receptions and two hangars.
Passenger terminal building (Terminal 1)
The plans for a new, large passenger terminal building in 1995 were included because they wanted all clearance activities under one roof. Also, the other terminal buildings were no longer appropriate.
In 2000 the new building was put into operation. The building is equipped with five jetways and 90 000 m². It can handle up to 4,000 passengers per hour.
The triangular-shaped building consists of five levels and intended to symbolize a lotus flower. There is a central body of the building of the three wings of the building branch. One of these buildings has wings on both sides of piers, the other two wings of the building have only one side gates, since the other half of the building houses the check -in hall. The check -in hall is thus divided into two parts, which are named after "A" and "B". With the baggage reclaim halls and the corresponding reception halls, it behaves the same.
At the lowest level of incoming passengers handled. Here are passport control, baggage reclaim carousels, customs check, money exchange offices, tour operators, hotel bookings etc.
The second level exists only at the sides of the building, showing the apron. It is used exclusively to direct arriving passengers from the passenger bridges / gates to the escalators that lead to the passport control.
The third level houses the terminal facilities for departing passengers. Here are about 50 check- in counters, switches for the airport fee, passport control, waiting lounges of Piers and the lying about shops, restaurants, cafes and lounges of airlines.
The fourth level is not yet fully utilized and is currently under construction (as of end of 2006). The floor does not exist on the check -in hall. The fourth level is for more catering and consumer devices, but so far there are only sparse. The layer is divided into two zones. At the one attain only passengers who have already passed through passport control. This part is accessible via stairs in the middle of the central wing of the building. The other part is publicly available and can be reached by two flights of steps from the check -in hall.
The fifth level consists only in the central body of the building and can through the glass elevators that connect all levels together, can be achieved.
The side of the central body building facing the street entrance, has a glass roof can come down to the third level by the light.
Under the glass roof, the central body of the building, connecting escalators and panoramic glass elevators, the first and the third level.
Departing passengers who want to board a domestic flight must be after the check-in through two entrances at the ends of each check -in hall. Passengers flying internationally go through the access, the central body of the building. At any such access is one rayed. International passengers also have to go through passport checks. Behind the controls are halls, in the center seating groups are arranged, which are surrounded by a variety of shops. At the gates one goes only when the flight was announced. Originally, only four of the piers were equipped with passenger boarding bridges. After the renovation of the passenger boarding bridges more gates are now equipped with these air bridges.
Arriving passengers of international flights are routed through a corridor on the service road to the second level of the gates, the passenger bridges or stairs from the apron. The passage in the second plane directs the passengers to the center of the building. There are escalators that lead to the passport control in the underlying first level. Both on the right, and on the left are now passport controls behind each one baggage claim belt. At the end of the wing, separated from the international baggage claim belts, there is in each case a baggage claim belt for arriving passengers national flights. In total there are so two baggage reclaim carousels for incoming domestic and international flights. Once one has, according to a customs inspection, leave the halls of the baggage reclaim carousels, you find yourself in one of the two arrivals halls and can go to the access road.
A road access is both on the bottom as well as on the third level.
The roof is supported by a Verstrebungstechnik, which consists of many blue rods in a triangular formation.
The pointed roofs protrude far beyond the building limits. The gable roof is replaced by a glass dome, constantly penetrating light into the building through the.
Airlines and destinations
For the majority of the flights on the Hanoi airport the resident, Vietnam Airlines Vietnam Airlines and Jetstar Pacific, responsible. They operate a dense domestic network. Vietnam Airlines flies to all major cities in East and Southeast Asia, and also served three routes to Europe. Several times a week Boeing 777s start to the Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Moscow and Frankfurt Airport.
The airport is served by all major airlines in the Southeast Asian and East Asian area several times a week. These airlines translated mainly Boeing 737s (including Malaysia Airlines) or widebodies such as the Airbus 330 (including Thai Airways, Eva Air) or 777 (including Singapore Airlines, Korean Air).
Since June 2013 Finnair flies directly from Hanoi to Helsinki.
The city bus No. 7 ( direction: Kim Ma) and 17 ( direction: Long Bien ) connect the airport to Hanoi city center every 15 to 20 minutes. The journey takes up to an hour.
The bus stop is located right next to the exit of the arrivals level.