Her real name was Eleanor "Dora" Goldberg. At seventeen, she married her first husband, Otto Gressing. She began her vaudeville career in Chicago, then moved to San Francisco in 1901 to New York, where she had her own theater, the Nora Bayes Theatre founded. Bayes was married five times. Her best-known song, Shine On, Harvest Moon, was created in collaboration with her second husband, Jack Norworth, with whom she was married from 1908 to 1913. It was included in the Ziegfeld Follies of 1908 and also listed later in many cases and recorded, but strangely, never by Nora Bayes and Jack Norworth together who had this test only once started in 1910. Nora Bayes died of cancer and was buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.
1944 their lives by Warner Brothers under the title Shine On, Harvest Moon was filmed with Ann Sheridan. The film is not particularly realistic, but it brings many of the songs that Bayes had made them famous.