Norbert von Hellingrath

Norbert Friedrich Theodor von Hellingrath ( born March 21, 1888 in Munich, † December 14, 1916 at Douaumont ) was a German German scholar who discovered the poet Friedrich Hölderlin new.

Life and work

1906 Hellingrath began a study of Greek and German Philology at the University of Munich. His teachers here were especially Otto Crusius and Friedrich von der Leyen, who introduced him to Friedrich Hölderlin. In November 1909 Hellingrath discovered in the Stuttgart library late hymns and Pindar transmissions Friedrich Hölderlin, which he immediately sent in copies to friends and acquaintances. His friend Karl Wolf Kehl, a member of the George circle, she gave to Stefan George continues, the Hellingrath then sought immediately and allowed him a first publication in its leaves for the Arts ( 9 episode February, 1910). The spectacular find quickly became known. Followed in 1910 the first provisional edition ( Hölderlin's Pindar transmissions, publisher of the leaves for the Arts ), 1912 began Hellingrath, who was assisted by his friends Edgar Salin and Wolfgang Heyer, with the publication of a Hölderlin 's complete works, the first volume in 1913 appeared. In his dissertation Hellingrath employed with the Pindar transmissions.

Helling Rath's discovery had a tremendous impact on the literary and scientific world in the Germany of his time. Hölderlin, hitherto little attention has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important German poets. Stefan George stylized him from now on to one of his most important spiritual ancestors and so prompted eminent scientists of his influential circle, to deal also with Hölderlin. Max Kommerell went about his work, the poet as a leader in the German Classical (1928 ) detail on a Hölderlin.

The discoveries and their edition also had a great influence on the academic youth. Klaus Mann wrote in retrospect, at the beginning of the First World War, the former youth have believed for a " Hölderlin [s ] Germany [ ... ] to die ." Carl Schmitt also wrote later: " Youth Without Goethe ' ( Max Kommerell ), which was fine for us since 1910 in concreto youth with Holderlin ". The findings also influenced many other authors, which dealt with Hölderlin, as Walter Benjamin, whose early essay Two Poems by Friedrich Hölderlin is clearly influenced by Helling Raths approaches and Martin Heidegger, who presented one of the most important Hölderlin - interpretation of the 20th century.

Hellingrath himself, who had initially done a hard time with George's poetry in 1908 had found an approach that was a recognized member of the George circle. He pleaded to the Georgian "secret Germany " and combined according to its own statement that his " next hopes of the future of the world by the name of Stefan George ." His work, however for Hölderlin and George he could not finish it. In 1914 he moved, Hölderlin and George spending in luggage, in the war. After a riding accident in 1915, he came again into the home where he gave two lectures on Hölderlin and the German and Hölderlin's madness. Among his listeners were next to his best friend Wolfskehl Rainer Maria Rilke, Alfred Schuler and Ludwig Klages. In 1916 he fell in the Battle of Verdun in Douaumont. His Hölderlin 's complete works - Hellingrath had the fourth and fifth volume edited - led Friedrich sea bass and Ludwig away from Pigenot.


  • Pindar broadcasts of Hölderlin. Prolegomena to an edition. Eugen Diederichs, Jena 1911 ( zugl. dissertation, Berlin 1910; digitized ).
  • Hölderlin. Two presentations: Hölderlin and the Germans. Hölderlin's madness. 2nd edition. Hugo Bruckmann, Munich 1922 ( digitized ).

Estate / Letters

  • Hölderlin 's legacy. Introduced and edited by Ludwig von Pigenot. 1st edition 1936, 2nd enlarged edition 1944, published by F. Bruckmann, Munich 1944.
  • Ludwig von Pigenot: Letters from Norbert Helling council estate. In: Hölderlin Yearbook 13, 1963/1964, pp. 104-146.
  • Bruno Pieger: Unknown from the estate of Norbert Helling Raths. In: Yearbook of the German Schiller Society 36, 1992, pp. 3-38.
  • Rainer Maria Rilke, Norbert of Hellingrath: Letters and documents. Edited by Klaus E. Bohnenkamp. Göttingen 2008 ( = Castrum Peregrini, New Series 1).