State broadcaster ARD
The North German Radio (NDR ) is a public institution (national broadcaster ) for the German states of Hamburg, Mecklenburg -Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony and Schleswig -Holstein. The seat is in Hamburg- Rotherbaum (radio ) and Hamburg - Lokstedt ( television).
The NDR was created in 1954 by splitting the NWDR in NDR and WDR. On April 1, 1956, he took up the transmit mode. He is a member of the ARD and currently has 3482 employees (as at 31 December 2011).
- 6.1 prewar
- 6.2 NWDR time
- 6.3 NDR history
- 6.4 Intendant of the NDR and its predecessor institutions
Locations of the NDR
In Hamburg, the NDR is spread over two locations, the television in Lokstedt, the radio and the administration at the Rothenbaumchaussee in Harvestehude. In the provincial capitals Hanover, Kiel and Schwerin and Hamburg are broadcasting centers for radio and television, making the predominantly regional programs for the country. In addition, the NDR maintains in several cities of its broadcasting area regional studios and correspondent offices:
- Lower Saxony: Studios in Brunswick, Göttingen, Lüneburg, Oldenburg, Osnabrück; Correspondent offices in Lingen / Emsland, Otter Village / Lower Elbe, Esen / Ostfriesland, Vechta, Verden ( Aller), Hameln / Weser mountain country and Wilhelmshaven.
- Schleswig -Holstein: Studios in Flensburg, Heide, Lübeck and Norderstedt
- Mecklenburg- Vorpommern: Studios in Greifswald, Neubrandenburg and Rostock
In addition, the NDR operates the ARD foreign studios in London, Stockholm, Beijing, Tokyo, Singapore and New Delhi; in addition he is involved in the ARD studio in Berlin and at the ARD studio in Moscow, Warsaw, Brussels, Washington, New York and Los Angeles.
The NDR produced in Hamburg- Lokstedt also ARD-aktuell. The Community body of ARD publishes news broadcasts daily news, daily news, Night Magazine, tagesschau24 and the online portal tagesschau.de.
Programs of the NDR
The NDR is currently producing their own or in collaboration with other radio and television stations following television and radio programs:
- The first one ( First German Television ) - Community program of ARD
- NDR Fernsehen (formerly N3 and North German Television ) - a regional television program for Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg -Western Pomerania, Schleswig -Holstein and Bremen (together with Radio Bremen )
- Phoenix - common event channel ARD and ZDF
- KiKA - children's channel ARD and ZDF
- ARTE - French-German cultural channel
- 3sat - Cultural channel ARD, ZDF, ORF, and SF
- Tagesschau24 - information channels
- One Festival - Documentation and entertainment channel
- One Plus - Guides and service stations
- NDR 90.3 - Country Programme for Hamburg
- NDR 1 Niedersachsen - Country Programme for Lower Saxony from the state radio building in Hanover with a strong regional coverage, Oldies, Pop and German cult hits
- NDR 1 Welle Nord - country program for Schleswig- Holstein from the state broadcasting center keel with partial regionalization, Hits, Oldies and German -language music
- NDR 1 Radio MV - state program for Mecklenburg- Vorpommern from the state broadcasting center Schwerin with partial regionalization
- NDR 2 - Popwelle. NDR 2 may broadcast the only NDR radio program commercials
- NDR Kultur (formerly NDR3, or Radio3 as a temporary cooperation with SFB and ORB) - Classic - dominated culture program
- NDR Info (formerly NDR NDR 4 4 or info ) - Information with news radio ( daytime), culture (at night)
- NDR Info Spezial - Extended version of NDR Info with sea-weather, alien program and sports broadcasts
- N -Joy (formerly N -Joy Radio) - Youth Radio
- Nordwestradio - Culture shaft for the northwest of Lower Saxony and Bremen in cooperation with Radio Bremen
- NDR Blue - music program with music " outside the mainstream "
- NDR Traffic - Traffic NDR Studio, continuously updated
Sound body of the NDR
The NDR has four different sound body:
The North German broadcasting operates in Lower Saxony, Schleswig -Holstein and Hamburg, a private network to broadcast its radio and television programs. In Mecklenburg- Vorpommern these services are provided on behalf of and for the account of the NDR by the company Media Broadcast.
The NDR operates this end the following major systems:
- Stations for FM, MW and TV ( DVB -T) in Hamburg- Billwerder
- Stations for FM, MW and DVB -T in Hemmingen ( near Hannover )
- Stations for FM, MW and DVB -T in Flensburg
- Stations for FM, MW and DVB -T in Kronshagen ( near Kiel )
- Stations for FM, MW and DVB -T in Lingen ( Ems)
- Stations for AM in Dannenberg ( currently out of order )
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Steinkimmen
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in peat house
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Zernien Dannenberg (Elbe )
- Stations for FM and DVB- T on the Schleptruper harrow near Osnabrück
- Stations for FM and DVB- T in Aurich- Popens
- Stations for FM in Armstedt
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Fuhlenhagen (transmitter Mölln )
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Göttingen
- Stations for FM in Echem (transmitter Lauenburg )
- Stations for FM and DVB- T on the Bungsberg
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Welmbüttel / Heide ( Holstein)
- Stations for FM and DVB- T on Sylt
- Stations for FM and DVB- T at Suderlugum (transmitter Niebüll )
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Visselhoevede
- Stations for FM and DVB -T in Cuxhaven
- Stations for FM in Peheim (transmitter Cloppenburg )
In addition, still transmitting equipment of the German radio tower GmbH are used.
- NDR measuring and receiving station Wittmoor
- Transmitter Lübeck- Wall systems ( FM radio )
- Exhibition Centre Hannover
1924 in Hamburg, the " Nordic Broadcasting AG " ( NORAG ) founded, which began broadcasting operation on May 2, 1924. Since 1928, the programs were produced in Rothenbaumchaussee in Hamburg. 1933 Nordic Broadcasting AG was transformed into the "North German Broadcasting GmbH". A year later, she was called " Reichssender Hamburg " for later Greater German Radio. This sent to 1945.
In post-war Germany, the British occupying forces in 1945, first founded "Radio Hamburg ", as " North West German Broadcasting " ( NWDR ) joint broadcaster for the whole of North West Germany in the fall of 1945. This was passed into German hands in 1948 and converted to a " public institution " for the states of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Schleswig -Holstein, North Rhine -Westphalia and Berlin.
In 1945 and 1946 two orchestras were founded, the Symphony Orchestra with its conductor Hans Schmidt- Isserstedt and the Radio Orchestra with its conductor Walter Martin, who led this until his death in 1964. Then it was dissolved and integrated into the existing since 1950 Rundfunkorchester the transmitter Hanover.
The NWDR initially radiated from only one program (later NWDR 1). Starting in 1950, followed two regional FM radio stations, FM North (later NDR 2 ) and FM West ( later WDR 2). In the same year was the NWDR founding member of the ARD. Two years later (1952 ) the NWDR was largely responsible for the re-start of television in Germany. On June 1, 1954, the Sender Freies Berlin ( SFB) newly founded retired from the NWDR to emit stand-alone programs for West Berlin. In the same year launched the joint television ARD.
In February 1955, the states of Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Schleswig -Holstein and North Rhine -Westphalia regulated broadcasting new in their countries. The NWDR been Consequently divided into two independent broadcasters, the "North German Broadcasting ", based in Hamburg should in future hold for the states of Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig -Holstein and the "West German Broadcasting ", based in Cologne for the state of North Rhine -Westphalia broadcasts.
On January 1, 1956, the two new broadcasters started with their own radio shows. The television sector took over from April 1, 1956 initially the " North and West German Broadcasting Association " ( NWRV ) until 1961. Then both broadcasters also in the television sector were responsible for their respective transmission area.
The NDR sent thus from 1956 first two radio programs, NDR / WDR and NDR 1 2, and provided its share for ARD Community program on German television. The first radio program was not organized until the end of 1980 together with the WDR, where there was a weekly change. So sent the NDR in the first week of 5-15 clock, the WDR then took over the rest of the day. In the second week it was vice versa. The common roots in NWDR can be found on the radio program of NDR and WDR still. So is one of the oldest time radio broadcasts on German radio, the "echo of the Day", designed in the weekly change of NDR and WDR today and can be heard simultaneously on NDR Info and WDR 5. The same applies Monday to Saturday between 13:05 clock to 14:00 clock with the program " lunch Echo" and closed between 23:30 clock to 24:00 clock with the program " reports today," the latter even still with the is old theme song " Wade in the water" of the Ramsey Lewis trio initiated or announced ( in the weekly changing NDR version is also still the old off-speakers been left, announces the shipment ). The editorial change is such that in the event that a national broadcaster, the " lunch Echo" and the "echo of the Day" editorial responsibility for one week, the other designed the "Reports of today". In an occasionally occurring exchange information channels also other regional broadcasters take over the show " reports today ," said Radio Bremen and until recently also the Saarland broadcasting.
On 1 December 1956, the NDR started its third radio program NDR3, held from 1962 to 1973 together with SFB.
On 4 January 1965, the NDR was launched together with Radio Bremen and SFB with the charisma of its own "third television program " ( first as " III. Television the northern chain " (aka " The Third " ), later N3 (which stands for North 3 ) ), which was soon expanded into a full program in the broadcasting legal sense and is now receiving via satellite throughout most of Europe. In December 2001 it was renamed the NDR television.
On 14 July 1977, the Schleswig-Holstein Prime Minister Gerhard Stoltenberg announced before the Schleswig-Holstein Landtag intention to terminate the NDR State Treaty by the State of Cabinet at the end of 1980. The actual notice was given on 9 June 1978 concerning the end of 1980. The reasons Stoltenberg called, inter alia, the allegedly severe financial crisis of the transmitter, and he complained a deficiency in regional coverage in parts of the transmission area, especially in Schleswig -Holstein and Lower Saxony. The termination was motivated but also by the consignments of the NDR. So Stoltenberg disturbed at the of him as "one-sided " and "left -heavy" prestigious NDR reporting, eg the protests against the construction of nuclear power plant Brokdorf, including Send contributions in the political magazine "Panorama" in the fall of 1976.
As a result, it was disputed whether the NDR would be a total dissolved by the termination of Schleswig-Holstein, or from the remaining treaty partners Hamburg and Lower Saxony would have at least until the next possible regular end of the period of validity of the treaty on 31 December 1985 must be continued. The then Prime Minister of Lower Saxony, Ernst Albrecht was like his CDU party colleague Stoltenberg former view. He suggested as an alternative continuation of the NDR as a two-country institution between Schleswig -Holstein and Lower Saxony to the exclusion of Hamburg as a legal successor of the dissolved NDR or alternatively, the establishment of a separate Lower Saxony state broadcaster "Radio Niedersachsen" before, in Schleswig -Holstein then, also Stoltenberg's opinion, was also set up its own counterpart. This solution, however, was viewed by Albrecht and Stoltenberg only as a last resort in addition to the continuation of the NDR as a three-country institution with Hamburg under improved conditions for them. After the final collapse of negotiations with Hamburg on November 7, 1979 ( or after repeated call attempts on February 5, 1980), both countries favored as a solution to the continuation of the NDR as a new two-country institution between Schleswig -Holstein and Lower Saxony under assumption of all assets and liabilities to the exclusion of Hamburg, which was then set up its own national broadcaster. Albrecht hoped notably, the ability to limit the program on behalf of the NDR more and eliminate the monopoly on radio called to allow the introduction of private radio and television programs, especially in Lower Saxony. Stoltenberg hoped that the possibility of a change in the determination of the composition of the supervisory bodies of the Broadcasting Council and Board of Directors to influence the editorial design of the programs and to neutralize or de-politicizing. A new program structure with greater ownership of broadcasting centers should give greater consideration to regional concerns.
Lower Saxony and Schleswig -Holstein stored in the following period on January 23, 1980 draft of a treaty on the NDR as a two-country hospital before, the initialed on 7 February 1980 by the two Prime Ministers and of the respective CDU-led majority state parliaments in Kiel and Hannover was adopted on 11 and 12 March 1980 in first reading. Due to a 1979 by the SPD - ruled Hamburg before the Administrative Court of Hamburg inadmissible and parallel of Lower Saxony permissible brought before the Federal Administrative Court declaratory judgment action presented the Seventh Division of the Federal Administrative Court in its judgment of 28 May 1980 ( Ref: BVerwG 7 A 2.79 ) under the chairmanship of its then-President Prof. Dr. Horst Sendler stated that it is the outspoken of Schleswig -Holstein termination of the NDR State Treaty (self made formally exclusively by the provincial government in a permissible way ) only a so-called exit termination and not that of Schleswig- Holstein and Lower Saxony had acted hoped- resolution forecast and the NDR of Lower Saxony and Hamburg thus as two-country institution continues to exist and is accordingly continue until the contract expires. For Hamburg, the judgment essentially meant a confirmation of one's own interpretation of the law, while Schleswig -Holstein and Lower Saxony documents with their pre- assigned positions de facto.
As a result of this legally enforced new basis for negotiations waving the previously feuding contractors states of Schleswig- Holstein and Lower Saxony, on the one hand and Hamburg on the other hand quickly one, came to meet and were able to agree quickly in June 1980 on portable compromise formulas for a continuation of the NDR as a three-country institution. Then, the NDR was provided by the initialling on 17 July 1980 and by appropriate adoption of formal Begeleitgesetze by the state parliaments to a new ( constitutional ) legal basis because of a new state treaty draft states of Hamburg, Lower Saxony and Schleswig -Holstein.
Significant compromise formulas were:
1 ) The main objective of Lower Saxony (Albrecht ): The date in the State Treaty enshrined monopoly on radio NDR was limited to 1983 to allow the establishment of private from 1986 (Newspaper Publishers ) radio and television programs. Hamburg ( Klose ) achieved in this context that the introduction of private radio broadcasting in the transmission range of the NDR may occur only after a longer transition period.
2 ) The main objective of Schleswig -Holstein ( Stoltenberg ) and a secondary objective of Lower Saxony (Albrecht ): The programs have been organized partly with a view to regionalization for allegedly necessary improved consideration of regional issues in reporting - especially by strengthening the positions of the broadcasting centers in transmission network.
This circumstance affected the radio mainly the former joint program of NDR / WDR 1: The NDR 1 program was divided into three independent regional programs NDR 1 Niedersachsen ( until the beginning of 2002 "NDR 1 Radio Saxony " ), NDR 1 Welle Nord and NDR 90,3 ( December 2, 2001 ' NDR Hamburg- shaft 90.3 " ) split. NDR NDR 2 and 3 were continued throughout the coverage area as Popwelle or classical wave. The three country programs of NDR 1 took on January 2, 1981 to the transmit mode and train were expanded to train to full programs. Several times a day they switch apart to regional programs. Here in "NDR 1 Radio Saxony " Send the regional programs of the regions Oldenburg / Ostfriesland / Bremen / Cuxhaven, Osnabrück / Emsland, greater Hanover, Brunswick / South Lower Saxony and North East Lower Saxony and in " NDR 1 Welle Nord " from the studios of Flensburg, Heide, Norderstedt, Lübeck and Kiel. In addition, was a striking innovation feature the introduction of broadcast advertising on the Popwelle NDR 2, Mondays to Saturdays in the daily program in five- minute blocks before each of the messages, the message sending time was moved according to the block shift of the half to the full hour.
The NDR television learned first few appropriate changes. In the regional windows of the ARD Community program in the eve rail but was for September 30, 1985 also regionalization with the introduction of twenty-minute regional magazines instead of the previous alternating centrally managed overall widespread regional window with the top title " Northern Watch" with a different focus, the sole responsibility of the respective local studios were produced and designed. It created the Monday to Friday from 19:25 to 19:45 clock clock radiated Regional Magazine " Schleswig -Holstein -Magazin", "Hamburg Journal" (the name already existed previously as a free daily sub-heading of " Look North ") and " Hello, Lower Saxony ". January 4, 1993, the Regional Magazines were integrated as part of a reorganization of the German community program with the result of the introduction of even a single evening program in the NDR full television program, extended to a half-hour and daily from 7 March 1999 on weekends ( aired up for holidays ) - on Sunday at first only a quarter of an hour from 19:45 bis 20:00 clock clock, from 6 January 2002, as usual half an hour from 19:30 bis 20:00 clock clock. As part of the Northern Chain program with integrated units of Radio Bremen also its regional window " Buten un within " was gradually extended.
3 ) The main objective of Hamburg ( Klose ): Program includes the NDR was not restricted. The NDR has retained all of waves and frequencies.
On 30 September 1988, the NDR television program launched in the North 3 its regional teletext offer Nordtext, which is run as NDR text since 2 December 2001. The range includes the latest news for the NDR broadcasting area and Bremen and accompanying information to radio and television. Information about program offerings from Radio Bremen radio bremen bear the title text.
On January 1, 1989, the television Nord 3 with a new program structure and the new transmission scheme as so-called full program started.
On April 1, 1989, the NDR started its fourth radio program NDR 4, later NDR Info 4 since the June 2, 1998 as a pure news channel Monday to Saturday from 06:00 clock until about 20:00 o `clock new quarter-hour scheme as NDR 4 info and will be broadcast as NDR Info since 3 June 2002.
On 1 January 1992, the state of Mecklenburg- Western Pomerania joined by State Treaty with the NDR as the fourth state. The country received its distinctive country program NDR 1 Radio MV, which repeatedly turns just like the other country programs daily to regional reporting from Schwerin, Rostock, Neubrandenburg and Greifswald apart. In October of the same year, the SFB different from the third television program from north 3 to (later SFB 1) broadcast its independent Berlin Programme "B1".
On April 4, 1994, the NDR for 14 started - to 19 -year-old listeners the youth program N -Joy, which was led until 2001 under the name "N -Joy Radio".
On 3 October 1997 NDR3 went to the newly established program Radio 3, which in cooperation with the Rundfunk Brandenburg and East Germans until the end of 2000, with the Sender Freies Berlin ( SFB earlier program 3) (former "Radio Brandenburg" ORB program) was organized and sent to 31 December 2002.
As far last radio program in program history of the NDR was launched on 1 November 2001, the North West Radio, a common radio program of Radio Bremen and NDR in the state of Bremen and the North West of Lower Saxony. This program was the previous second radio program "Radio Bremen 2". The editors of the program is at Radio Bremen.
January 1, 2003 sends the NDR with the program NDR Kultur as successor program "Radio 3" also again by him alone crafted classical and cultural program. The term " Radio 3 ", there was, however, continue until 31 December 2003. It is now a cultural program of the RBB, which partly took over shipments of NDR Kultur. On 1 January 2004, this program became part of the new culture RBB radio.
By 1929, founded by the NORAG Hamburg Harbour concert NDR 90,3 shines on Sunday 6-8 clock in the morning of the oldest existing radio broadcast in the world.
Since 1 May 2012, the NDR also shines in HD simulcast method.
Director of the NDR and its predecessor institutions
Contribution to the Community Program The first
The program content of the television program The first communal TV program of the nine public regional broadcasters that are organized in the ARD, NDR contributes 17.45% at. Thus, the NDR is here according to the WDR and SWR at No. 3
Among other things, the newsroom is ARD-aktuell located at the NDR in Hamburg. There, the news, the issues of the day, the night and the weekly magazine mirrors are produced.
In addition, the NDR has the German leadership for the Euro Vision Song Contest and thus represents the ARD in one of the largest international media events. After Lena won the 2010 competition in Oslo for themselves, the NDR was responsible for hosting the Euro Vision Song Contest 2011 in Germany.