Norman Washington Manley ( born July 4, 1893 in Roxborough Manchester, Jamaica, † September 2, 1969 ) was a Jamaican politician. He is one of the seven national heroes of the island; its full title is The Right Excellent Norman Washington Manley. Together with Alexander Bustamante, he campaigned for universal suffrage; However, his greatest success was the independence from the United Kingdom.
Manley founded in 1938 with the Bustamante left-leaning People's National Party ( PNP), which later became the Trade Union Congress and the National Workers ' Union joined. He led the party in all elections 1944 until 1967. Their efforts resulted in a 1944 constitutional amendment that guaranteed universal suffrage. It was dated February 2, 1955 to April 29, 1962 top Minister (Chief Minister ). He was succeeded Bustamante, who reigned as the first Prime Minister.
At Manley's family included people from different ethnic groups, both European, and African origin. As a young man he was an excellent student. With a Rhodes Scholarship, he studied at Jesus College, Oxford Law. In World War I he was fighting on the side of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, then he returned to Jamaica, where he worked as a barrister. He supported a group of banana farmers who wanted to take to export their products into their own hands, in the establishment of a trading company. Part of the proceeds should be used for charitable purposes.
During the riots of 1938, he stood up for the interests of workers. He and the PNP supported the meantime Bustamante led trade union movement, the main goal was universal suffrage. In 1944, she reached her goal, but it took more than ten years until Manley was elected Prime Minister in 1955. He stayed until final independence from the United Kingdom in 1962 as chief minister in office.
Manley advocated accession Jamaica to West Indian Federation, which met with Bustamante rejection. A referendum rejected the accession. Manley is now pushed for a constitutional amendment that had the independence of Jamaica to the destination. He stood before an appropriate committee, which successfully negotiated with the United Kingdom.
Despite the success Manley lost the election of 1962 and had to go into opposition. Until a few weeks before his death on September 2, 1969, he was a member of the Parliament. Shortly before his death he was declared a national hero, along with Bustamante. Different places and buildings were named after him, including the Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston. He is depicted on the five-dollar coin. His son Michael Manley became Prime Minister in 1972.