North Siberian Lowland
The North Siberian Lowland is one of the eight major Russian landscapes in Siberia. It is located in the north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory and northwest of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia ). It is located in the whole north of the Arctic Circle and south of the coast of the Arctic Ocean, roughly between the estuaries of the Yenisei and Olenjok. Inland, the lowland is limited by means Siberian mountains.
The North Siberian Lowland includes the areas between the marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean to the north and south situated agent Siberian mountains - with the western Putorana Mountains and the east of it located Anabarplateau - and between the northern end of the West Siberian lowland in the west and the Olenjokmündung in the east. Center of this region is the Taimyrsenke that extends north of the Middle Siberian highlands and south of the Taimyr peninsula with the Byrrangagebirge and the south of this mountain range located Taimyrsee. The lowland is about 1400 km long in east-west direction in north-south direction up to about 600 km wide and up to 300 m high.
Particularly in the West, the demarcation of the lowlands is not clearly defined because the area west of the Jenisseigolfs seamlessly merges into the northern part of the West Siberian Lowland; as its extreme western boundary of Obbusens located beyond the northern part of the Urals can be viewed. In the west to this approach include the Gydan Peninsula and the Yamal Peninsula, which are separated from each other by the Obbusen and protrude into the Kara Sea, the North Siberian Lowland.
To the east the lowlands push them over the Chatangagolf to the Arctic Laptev Sea. His extreme eastern border is located the mouth of the Lena beyond the Olenjek the northern part of the Czekanowskiberge, east of those.
Geologically, the lowlands of glacial deposits of sandstones and shales sets together. There are deposits of oil, natural gas and coal.
Is determined for the most part swampy lowlands to the north by tundra and forest tundra. In these northern regions may be due to the permafrost barely tall plants, such as trees, develop, but it prevail mosses, shrubs and ferns before. Further south propagate sparse larch forests from.
The two the North Siberian Lowland bounding main rivers are the Yenisei River in the west and in the east Olenjok. Other rivers are ( from west to east):
In the North Siberian Lowland, there are numerous lakes, among which the Taimyrsee is the largest. Other lakes are in alphabetical order:
In the area of the northern Siberian lowlands are among others the following localities ( from west to east):
72101Koordinaten: 72 ° 0 ' 0 "N, 101 ° 0' 0" E
- Geography (Russia)