Northern Rhodesia

Northern Rhodesia (English Northern Rhodesia ) was a British protectorate in south-central Africa, which when Zambia gained its independence in 1964. Northern and Southern Rhodesia was named after Cecil Rhodes, Prime Minister of the Cape Colony in 1891 took these territories for the British Crown in accordance with a treaty of protection in possession.

The British South Africa Company of Rhodes had made North West Rhodesia and North-East Rhodesia through contracts with rulers of the Lozi and the Bemba and Chewa separately protectorate areas of society. 1911 were provided as Northern Rhodesia under common management. In 1924 the state took over the sovereign rights and henceforth ruled the country as a British protectorate.

Copper mining and smelting in the later Copperbelt began in 1931 in the adjacent Kapiri Mposhi and after a setback in the global economic crisis in a big way, with migrant workers up from what is now Tanzania. From 1935, there have been repeated mass strikes of the black miners and foundry workers in the Copperbelt, later the first free trade unions, the African Mine Workers Union ( AMU), the African workforce. Like-minded people founded in 1948 under Harry Nkumbula the party of the Northern Rhodesian African National Congress.

In 1953, the two Rhodesia with Nyasaland, now Malawi, the Central African Federation, united, but is based, inter alia, by the resistance of the ANC, relied heavily on the Tonga in the South, and the newly formed, more energetic, more north on the Bemba United National Independence Party ( UNIP ) under Kenneth Kaunda in 1963 disbanded. The country received internal autonomy, Kaunda won with his UNIP elections and became president.

Northern Rhodesia was released on 24 October 1964 his last Governor Sir Evelyn Hone as Zambia to independence.