Norwegian State Railways
Norges Statsbaner (NSB ) is the national railway company in Norway.
From 1883 to 1996, the NSB operated almost the entire rail transport in Norway and were builder and owner of the network. Today, the NSB drive passenger trains only. The route network was given in 1996 to the State Jernbaneverket.
History of the railway in Norway
In the most part sparsely populated high mountain country Norway, with its fjord coast and its great distances, the construction of the railway network was associated with particular difficulties. Many intended for long-distance railway lines were Norwegian in the 19th century, first in narrow gauge, mostly Cape gauge, running and umgespurt in the 20th century to standard gauge.
The first railway line in Norway, the 68 km long Hovedbane between Oslo, which was then called Christiania and Eidsvoll in 1854 put into standard gauge in operation. In Eidsvoll, there was connection to the Situated on a Mjøsa steamship line.
From Hamar on Mjøsa north the Hamar - Grundsetbane was built in 1862 to Elverum in Cape gauge.
Kongsvingerbanen between Lillestrøm and Kongsvinger on the Hovedbane opened in 1862 and later eastward to standard gauge connected to the Swedish railway network.
In central Norway, Trondheim Støren - Bane was opened in 1864 again cape gauge. With the gap closing to Hamar Grundsetbanen by the Rørosbahn originated in 1877 as a combination of full- gauge railway, inland waterway and narrow gauge railway, the first steam-powered inland connection between Oslo and Trondheim.
Bergensbanen was started in 1875 with the 1883 completed section from Bergen ( Norway) to Voss as a narrow gauge railway. It was not until 20 years later, from 1902 to 1909, the track standard gauge over Hardangervidda with the rest of the rail network has been connected. In 1905 the track width of the old leg was adjusted.
The western part of the railway line Luleå -Narvik Kiruna to the Norwegian port of Narvik, (Norwegian Ofotbanen ) was completed in 1903. The ordered for the bright - Sunnanbanen 15c 125 was delivered directly from the factory in February 1902 the Ofotbane. On loan from the NSB District 4 in Trondheim she drove the Norwegian train to celebrate the union of the Norwegian and the Swedish part of the route Kiruna -Narvik - Fagernes on November 15, 1902 by Riksgrensen.
Several important railway lines in Norway were started and completed in the 20th century:
- 1913-1921 the Dovrebahn, the shortened journey times between Oslo and Trondheim considerably.
- 1912-1924 the Raumabane to the port Åndalsnes
- 1920-1944 the Sørlandsbane in Southern Norway
- The construction of the Nordlandsbane was carried out in many individual sections of 1905 (Trondheim- Steinkjer ) to 1962 (Bodø in the Arctic Circle ).
In 1996, the old comprising operating NSB was split into the charge of the infrastructure Jernbaneverket ( JBV ) and Norges Statsbaner AS ( NSB AS ), which operates train services to mainly passenger, while the freight was adopted by several other companies.
NSB since 1996
Since privatization of the railways in Norway NSB only drives with the subsidiary CargoNet AS, whose majority owner is the NSB itself, as well as a minority owner, the Swedish Green Cargo AB (formerly SJ Cargo ) to Narvik. The night train from Narvik to Sweden is driven by Statens Järnvägar. MTAB / MTAS moves the ore trains on their own, sooner were the NSB and Statens Järnvägar, the state railway company of Sweden, together. Since the first call for proposals under the center - right government Bondevik the NSB subsidiary NSB Anbud runs all trains on the Gjøvikbanen between Oslo and Gjøvik, including the only to Jaren moving and not vertakteten suburban trains.
Range of Bergensbanen
Trainset 70 010 NSB
Old neon sign at the Norsk Jernbanemuseum Hamar
Tue, 4 on the Nordlandsbanen
El 14 in the NSB - coloring of the 1990s