Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск ) is a Russian port city in the Krasnodar region. It is located on the Black Sea on the western foothills of the Caucasus Mountains and has 241 952 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).
The city has a new, two-kilometer long waterfront since 2006. Novorossiysk is a university town, cultural center and a major business. In addition, there is a naval base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet of importance.
At the site of the present city was founded by the ancient Greeks a colony called Bata. The town was conquered in the 12th and 13th centuries, a Genoese trading post and later the Ottoman Empire. The Turks built at the mouth of the river Zemes a fortress named Sudjuk Kale to operate from here slave trade. 1808, the fortress was conquered by Russia. The city was founded in 1838 on the site of the 1812, destroyed by the Russians fortress. Your name goes back to the province of New Russia ( Noworossija ). Beginning of the 20th century the port was expanded and an economic upturn followed.
During World War II, the city was 1942-1943 scene of fierce fighting. Novorossiysk was the easternmost point on the Black Sea coast, to the penetrated the German Wehrmacht. Since this was blocked here, got Novorossiysk 1973 Award awarded a Hero City. The late Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev had his command post south of the city.
The former Italian battleship RN Giulio Cesare was taken in honor of the city of Novorossiysk in 1949 as the Soviet Navy. The cruiser Mikhail Kutuzov, who the battleship was the explosion of Novorossiysk on the next and assisted the crew of the ship, is now a museum ship in the city's harbor.
Note: Census data
Novorossiysk is the trade turnover according to the largest seaport of Russia. It is mainly oil shipped ( a pipeline from Central Asia brings you here ), besides also cereals. The most important industries include the cement industry. In the area of Novorossiysk is also one of the few wine-growing regions of Russia.
In football, the city is represented by the club Chernomorets Novorossiysk.
Sons and daughters of the town
- But Vladimir, football player
- Yevgeny Savitsky, a fighter pilot
- Yevgeny Kasperski, entrepreneurs
- Konstantin Kokkinaki, test pilot
- Vladimir Kokkinaki, test pilot
- Denis Popov, football player
- Mordecai Seter, Israeli composer
- Anna Winnizkaja, pianist
- Novorossiysk TV Tower, concrete construction, height: 261 m, completed in 1996