NSDAP Office of Racial Policy
The racial Political Office ( RPA ) was a party office of the NSDAP.
As a forerunner of the National Socialist German Medical Association in 1933 founded the "Enlightenment Office of Population Policy and Racial Hygiene ". On May 15, 1934, the "Enlightenment office" was the " Deputy leader", Rudolf Hess, subordinated and renamed " Breed Political Office of the NSDAP ." Head was the physician Walter Gross; under him worked about 25 employees.
The decree on the establishment of the Racial Policy Office stated:
"In the Duties of the Office fall out of the standardization and monitoring of training and propaganda in the relevant fields, all factual, population and racial-political issues where they are processed by the Party. "
Accordingly, the training of speakers was one of the main tasks of the Racial Policy Office, with a consistent language to use in the field of racial hygiene should be achieved. For this purpose, a school of oratory was founded in Potsdam- Babelsberg, said to have been formed on the speaker until 1936 1.400. Its graduates included, among other things, Konrad Lorenz and later managing director of the Lebensborn, Gregor Ebner. In addition, the breed Political Office published the newspaper new people and the same name, published in large editions calendar. In cooperation with the Reich Propaganda Office also created a number of films.
The racial Political Office saw himself as a " transfer point for suggestions " and was thus able to demonstrate " the party leadership more detailed proposals for action to be taken ." By this is meant in particular the cooperation of legislative measures.
At the regional level, the racial policy office at regional and district level was represented by honorary officers. The Gaubeauftragten here were often professors of local universities. An example of this is the Gau Franconia: Ludwig Schmidt- Kehl, since 1934 Gaubeauftragter the Race Policy Office, initiated in 1937 in a personal union and the " Institute for science of heredity and racial science " of the University of Würzburg. Racial Political Office and University Institute here were housed in the same building. Schmidt- Kehl led this hereditary biological investigations in the context of the so-called Dr. Hellmuth Plan.
The greatest importance was the racial policy office in the early years of the Nazi state. Here succeeded Walter Gross and his staff enforce a common language in the so-called race question and to gain influence on the relevant legislation. Through the connections in departments of the State and the Party, the speaker training in Babelsberg, but also the representatives in the districts and counties also created a large number of personnel connections. Later, the office gradually lost its weight, and SS Security Service, however, gained prominence in the Nazi racial policy. 1944, the activities of the Racial Policy Office was limited due to the war, in the year before to have been begun with the destruction of the files.