The Apostolic Nuncio ( " papal ambassador " ) is the permanent representative of the Holy See (ie the Pope as a subject of international law ) with the Government of a State.
He also takes over the interests of the Vatican City true and represents the Pope as head of the church over the local churches of the country.
The seat of a Nuncio Apostolic Nunciature is called.
- 2.1 Apostolic Nuncios in Cologne 2.1.1 Historical key figures
- 2.1.2 List of special papal envoy in Cologne from 1500 to 1584
- 2.1.3 List of ongoing Nuncios in Cologne from 1584 to 1794
- 2.1.4 Literature
- 2.2.1 List of Nuncios in Saxony
- 2.3.1 Historical key figures
- 2.3.2 Directory of the Pontifical Nuncios in Munich from 1785 to 1800 and from 1818 to 1934
- 2.3.3 Literature
- 2.4.1 List of Nuncios in Prussia
- 2.5.1 List of Nuncios the German Reich
- 2.6.1 Historical key figures
- 2.6.2 List of Nuncios in the Federal Republic of Germany
- 2.6.3 Literature
- 3.1 Apostolic Nuncios at the imperial court in Vienna 3.1.1 List of Nuncios at the imperial court in Vienna
- 3.1.2 Literature
- 3.2.1 List of Nuncios in the Republic of Austria
- 4.1 List of Nuncios in Switzerland
- 4.2 Literature
- 5.1 Historical key figures
- 5.2 List of Nuncios in Liechtenstein
- 6.1 Historical key figures
- 6.2 List of Nuncios in Luxembourg
- 8.1 Historical key figures
- 8.2 List of Nuncios in the Netherlands
- 9.1 List of Nuncios in Poland
- 9.2 Literature
History and terminology
- Diplomatic relations
- Other relationships
- No official relations
The Apostolic Nuncio has held since the end of the Thirty Years' War usually the rank of Titularerzbischofs with the title title Reverend Excellency. Since the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the Apostolic Nuncio holds the rank of ambassador. He also represents the pope at their respective Bishops. A nuncio must be accredited by the receiving country as any diplomat.
Is not accredited by the state or the government of the host country the envoy of the Pope, but only maintains contact with the ecclesiastical institutions and individuals, as it is called Apostolic Delegate.
In many countries (eg in Germany ) the nuncio is due to a Concordat Doyen (French: = dean ) of the Diplomatic Corps and has as primus inter pares some political rights. This goes back to the long-standing dispute between the States, whom the first place it must be recognized. We solved this by the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, in which the representatives of the Pope admitted to this privilege.
The doyen speaks at official events as a representative of the entire diplomatic corps and represents the particular interests of the smaller States.
The term Pro-Nuncio was originally reserved for those Nuncios which were already in the rank of cardinal. The same coming of the blood according to the protocol rank of a Prince Cardinal was clearly higher than that of a diplomatic mission heads both in and outside the papal curia, so it was unusual to send Cardinals to a Nunciature items. For example, should a nuncio received the purple just before the end of his mission, but was for a transitional period his work as a nuncio, for example, the conclusion of negotiations may be required. This ( created recently) Cardinal acted quasi " in place " (Latin for " per " ) of a nuncio. Pro- Nuncios of this kind were very rare exceptions in certain situations.
In the wake of the Curia reforms, ecumenical endeavors and particularly the pontifical Eastern European politics after the Second Vatican Council, there has been a redefinition of this title. Since it indeed came through the cautious opening towards the Eastern bloc countries to establish diplomatic relations, but these, as well as traditional non-Catholic, especially Islamic dominated states rejected a Doyenstellung the nuncio, 1965, the title Pro - Nuncio was a term for an apostolic nuncio without automatic position as Doyen quasi newly created. This name remained in force until 1991. After that, all per - Nuncios were converted into Nuncios, so the title " Apostolic Nuncio " says nothing about the position as dean.
Originally this title for interim envoy of the Pope came into use; He was occasionally used in the 19th century for especially small missions, such as in South America. The Internuncio was in diplomatic protocol by the ambassadors at the top of the Messengers, what resulted in those states which exclusively accredited envoy as heads of mission that the Internuncio actually approached the position of a doyen of the diplomatic corps. Since the appointment of ambassadors was common in " small states " from the mid-20th century, came the previously extremely rare appointment of internuncios disuse.
Apostolic Nuncios in Germany
Apostolic Nuncios in Cologne
Historical key figures
Repeats papal envoy came to the court of the Elector of Cologne. A permanent institution, the Cologne nuncio, however, only 1584 was. Decades of reform thought the Council of Trent was ( 1545-1563 ) in the foreground their work. Among the few outstanding events of the Cologne nuncio include occasional trips to the Nuncios at the Reichstag (1594 and 1622) to the emperor elections to Frankfurt ( 1612 and 1658) and participation in the peace congresses in Münster ( 1644-1648 ), Aachen ( 1668) Cologne (1673-1674) and Utrecht (1713 ). The catchment area of the Cologne nuncio included the dioceses of Würzburg in the south, Osnabrück, Paderborn and Hildesheim and Liège and Aachen in the west. Although included the Nordic mission areas in northern and central Germany, but mainly Sweden and Denmark, legal Sprengel, but at the core there was interest in the three spiritual Kurerzbistümern Mainz, Trier and Cologne. The Nunciature was ended with the occupation of the city of Cologne by the French in 1795.