NXP ( for Next eXPerience ) Semiconductors is a Dutch semiconductor manufacturer. NXP is the 2006 outsourced semiconductor division of Royal Philips Electronics. NXP offers semiconductor and system solutions for the automotive market for televisions, set -top boxes, mobile phones, and security solutions for bank cards, electronic ID cards, passports and health cards. Chips with MIFARE technology are used in many transport systems and event centers around the world. After STMicroelectronics and Infineon, NXP is the third largest semiconductor manufacturer in Europe. In 2011 the company generated a turnover of 4.2 billion U.S. dollars.
NXP originated from Philips Semiconductors, the semiconductor division of Philips. This division had Philips, based on his own first radio tubes and later semiconductor companies such as Valvo ( Germany ), Mullard ( UK) and the integration of acquired manufacturer, expanded: Signetics was bought in 1975, VLSI Technology came in 1999 to do so.
On 29 September 2006, the Philips Group sold 80.1 percent of its semiconductor business to a consortium of private equity firms, Philips itself retained 19.9 percent of the shares. The consortium consisted of the financial investors KKR, Bain Capital, Silver Lake, Apax and AlpInvest Partners NV The foundation was at the IFA exhibition in Berlin by the then Chief Executive Officer Frans van Houten (now CEO of Royal Philips Electronics) announced 2006.
During the subsequent reorganization NXP introduced in 2008, its business branch " Mobile & Personal " in a joint venture with STMicroelectronics named ST- NXP Wireless one. The following year, STMicroelectronics also took over the remaining 20 - percent share of NXP and brought ST -NXP Wireless into a renewed joint venture ST -Ericsson with the division Ericsson Mobile Platforms (EMP ) of the Swedish company Ericsson.
As part of the reorganization of various semiconductor factories have closed in 2008 and those in Böblingen.
December 31, 2008 Frans van Houten gave his immediate resignation and left the company on the same day. In his place, Richard L. Clemmer was used, which was already active for Agere and Texas Instruments and last for KKR earlier.
After completion of the restructuring NXP announced in the spring of 2010 at its planned IPO, which took place on 6 August 2010.
NXP focuses on semiconductor products and system solutions for the following markets:
- Automotive (safety, comfort, entertainment ) - eg ABS sensors (ABS: Anti -lock Braking System ), remote key, immobilizer, electrical systems, car radio, infotainment, telematics
- Identification - (safety and logistics based on RFID and NFC technology ) - eg contact and contactless banking cards, electronic passports, identity cards, electronic admissions and ticketing, tracking of inventory.
- Home electronics ( TVs, set -top boxes ) - eg tuner ( receiver ) chipsets, RF front-end components, video post- processors
- Standard semiconductor ( multimarket ) - eg ARM - based microcontrollers, discrete components, standard logic devices and interface products for eg serial ports ( UARTs ) or components with I ² C bus.
- Software - for example, for mobile multimedia applications
Activities in Germany
The headquarters of NXP in Germany 's Hamburg- Lokstedt. With manufacturing, research and development activities and global financial responsibility for three of the five departments (so-called " business units " for " Automotive ", " Identification ", "Standard Products ") of Hamburg plays a significant role within the Group. In Lokstedt is also one of the largest factories in the world for discrete semiconductors: about 70 billion individual blocks are produced per year, equivalent to about a quarter of all diodes and transistors sold worldwide. Other locations are in Dresden ( research and development) and sales offices in Munich and Stuttgart. The site in Hausbruch was closed in late 2010. The number of employees of NXP Semiconductors Germany GmbH has now been reduced to less than 2,000 people (as of 2010).
The federal government has mandated as the main supplier of security chips for the new identity cards NXP; for reasons of security of supply, it awards such contracts are usually at least two manufacturers. In addition to the new German ID card NXP also supplies the majority of the security chips for electronic passports and for the electronic ticket of eTicket Germany.
NXP has investments in the following companies:
- Systems on Silicon Manufacturing Cooperation ( SSMC ), 61%, semiconductor plant in Singapore
- Advanced Semiconductor Manufacturing ( ASMC ), 27 %, semiconductor plant in Shanghai
- Jilin NXP Semiconductors, 60%, semiconductor plant in China
- Suzhou ASEN Semiconductors, 40%, semiconductor plant in China
- Trident Microsystems, 59%, manufacturer of display - processors for flat screens