Obatala ( Obatala; Obatalá; Oxalá; Òrìşànlá; Orixanlá; Òrìsànlá; Orixalá; Oxalufã ) is in the religion of the Yoruba, in Cuban Santería and Brazilian Candomblé, the great creator deity who has the people molded from clay or cast from metal. Because he was there drunk, he also created people with disabilities.
He is the God of peace and grace, purity and wisdom. His name Obatala means " Lord of the white clothes ." He is the patron of handicapped and injured and the decrepit.
Its color is white, be it sacred day is Friday, which is why many believers in the Brazilian state of Bahia wear only white clothes on this day.
Mythical ideas / Legends
According to the creation myth of Ile- Ife, Obatala is initially received from Olodumare commissioned to create the earth. But when he got drunk on the way from heaven to earth with palm wine and he fell asleep, Oduduwa took him from the creation of instruments and created in its place the earth on the primeval ocean. Because of this incident, it avoid the adepts Obatala to drink palm wine.
According to another myth, he to have once been the only Orisha. An unfaithful servant smashed it with a rock, whereupon he broke into many parts, all of which were to Orishas. However, Orunmila collected many parts and put them back together. This Orishanla was the "great Orisha ".
He is known for his order, generosity, his rejection of violence and his quiet, reserved and trustworthy prudence. His supporters are characterized in that they are slow and, therefore, are always late, do not like to criticize, but are good-natured and forgive everything else.
In Africa: Its annual festival in Ile- Ife
In the cultural heart of the Yoruba Obatala is the most important god after Oduduwa. In his honor, his supporters celebrate the annual festival ITAPA in which it is set as dying and recurrent first prospective God in scene. He leaves his temple in the city on the seventh day of the feast, lingers a day in his underworld grove outside the city and returns on the ninth day in a triumphal procession resurrection in his temple back. The three- day rhythm and his moral integrity move him near the precanonical Yahweh and the mythically transfigured Jesus.
In the Americas: Cuba and Brazil
Obatala is divided depending on Santería interpretation in eight to 45 Caminos ( aspects).
In Brazil, the following legends are told:
- Orixanlá creates the Earth / Orixanlá cria a Terra
- Obatalá creates man / Obatalá cria o homem
- Obatalá creates Icu, death / Obatalá cria Icu, A Morte
- Obatalá provokes envy and shattered into a thousand pieces / Obatalá provoca a inveja e é feito em mil pedaços
- Obatalá accidentally injured his wife † iemu / Obatalá fere acidentalmente sua esposa † iemu
- Orixalá stands as a reminder of a spring Ecodidé on / Orixalá guarda de uma pena de lembrança Ecodidé
- Oxalá rescues his children with the help of Orunmila / Oxalá salva seus filhos com a Ajuda de Orunmila
- Oxalá the chicken breeds d' Angola and scared to death / Oxalá cria a galinha - d'angola e Espanta a Morte
- Oxalá it is forbidden to eat salt / Oxalá é proibido de sal consumir
- Is Oxalá by Exu to the albino / Oxalá é feito por albino Exu
- Obatalá separates the sky from the earth / Obatalá separate o Céu da Terra
- Obatalá robbed blind Fischer / Obatalá Rouba o pescador cego
- Oxalá distributes the Son is called money / Oxalá expulsa o filho chamado dinheiro
- Orixalá gets the honey of Odé / Orixalá ganha o mel de Odé
- Oxalufã is bathed in fresh and clean water when he gets out of jail / Oxalufã é com agua fresca e banhado limpa ao sair da prisão
- Obatalá wears the crown of Ecodidé and is called / Obatalá usa a coroa de rei dos ecodidé e é chamado orixás the king of Orixás
There is an old and a young Oxalá: Orisa Olúfón ( Oxalufã ) and Orisa Ògiyán ( Oxaguiã ).