Obertilliach is a municipality with 708 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013 ) in the district of Lienz ( East Tyrol ) of the federal state of Tyrol ( Austria ). The municipality is located in the judicial district of Lienz.
- 3.1 Population structure
- 3.2 Demographics
- 4.1 Workplaces and Employees
- 4.2 Agriculture
- 4.3 Tourism
- 4.4 Transport and Infrastructure
- 4.5 Education
The community Obertilliach located in the south of the district of Lienz in the far valley of Lesa (also referred to as Tillacher Valley ), near the Kartitscher bridge. The settlements of Obertilliach are mainly in the valley of the Gail between the Lienz Dolomites and the Carnic Alps. The municipal area is ², the tenth-largest of the 33 municipalities with East Tyrol 65.13 km. It is bordered to the north by Assling, on the west by Anras and Kartitsch and on the south by the Italian municipalities of San Nicolò di San Pietro di Cadore and Comèlico.
The community Obertilliach is congruent with the homonymous cadastral. The westernmost settlement of Obertilliach is the rotting conducting, which is separated by the Gostenwald from about three kilometers east village Rodarm. About 700 meters east of Rodarm follows Obertilliach, the capital of the municipality. From Obertilliach around 1.5 kilometers east of the mountains rotting begins in the sequence with its five districts. The village Obertilliach (1450 m above sea level. A. ) consisted in 2001 of 150 buildings with 522 residents. To Obertilliach the Porzehütte, the shepherd's cottage and the Connyalm and Folmasaialpe that Gontrunalpe and Parditalpe were calculated by Statistics Austria. The second largest settlement was the rotting mountains (1340 m above sea level. A. ), which included 2001 45 buildings with 147 residents. To salvors are from west to east of the hamlet Rals, the hamlet of Goll, the village Weissbachhäusl, the hamlet Huben and the hamlet Flatsch. In addition, the soils Alpe, the Karalpe and the Ochs Garden Alpe be counted among mountains. Third largest district was Rodarm (1430 m above sea level. A. ) with the farmstead Kutteschupfen, where Rodarm included 21 buildings and 73 residents. Smallest district was the rotting passing (1430 m above sea level. A. ), which consists of the rotting Prünste, the hamlet level and the rotting Inderst ( from west to east ). Conducting hosted 2001 17 houses and 54 inhabitants.
The climate of the community Obertilliach is characterized by harsh summers and sunny, clear winter days. Due to the altitude the early autumn frosts and long -lasting closed snow conditions greatly affect agriculture. Thus, the growing season is shortened significantly compared to the neighboring Val Pusteria.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality was Obertilliach awarded on December 9, 1975 by the Provincial Government of Tyrol. The blazon is: " right diagonally divided by red and silver, above the Brixner lamb, down a lion in confused colors. " This coat of arms it with information about the Bishopric of Brixen, and the Counts of Gorizia back together in the second half of the 12th century had held court administration of Tilliach. Derived from the coat of arms are the colors of the church flag red and white.
2012 lived 712 people in the community Obertilliach. In terms of population Obertilliach was at this time the ninth- smallest municipality of the 33 municipalities in the district of Lienz. According to the 2001 census, 99.5 % of the population were Austrian citizens (Tirol: 90.6 % ) until the beginning of 2012 the value dropped only slightly to 98.3 %. Of the population in 2012 was only 2.8 % were born overseas, with the majority of the population not born in Austria came from the EU Member States. (Tirol: 83.4 %) to the Roman Catholic Church in 2001, 99.1 % of the population known, only 0.3 % had no religious faith, 0.5% were Protestant.
The average age of the municipality 's population in 2001 was below the national average. 22.4 % of residents of Obertilliach were younger than 15 years ( Tirol: 18.4%), 56.4 % from 15 to 59 years old (Tirol: 63.0 %). The percentage of residents over 59 stood at 21.2%, slightly above the national average of 18.6 %. The average age of the population of Obertilliach increased significantly as a result. The proportion of under- 15 -year-old dropped by 1 January 2012 to 18.3 %, while the share of people between 15 and 59 years to 63.9 % went to the top. The proportion of 59 -year-old, however, dropped to 17.8%. Marital status in 2001 49.2 % of the inhabitants of Obertilliach were single, 43.1% married, widowed, 6.7% divorced and 1.0%.
The population of Obertilliach proceeded since the late 19th century compared to the Lienz district or the State of Tyrol well below average. Thus, the reduced population 1869-1923 by 25 % and reached 595 inhabitants their lowest. Then she slowly rose to 1961 on the original population of 1869. After the population stagnated as a result by 2001, the population went from the beginning of the 21st century by around 10%. While the birth rate of the municipality was slightly negative since 2002, Obertilliach lost mainly due to the strong negative migration balance an average of seven people per year.
Workplaces and employees
The study conducted as part of the Census Census of 2001 resulted in Obertilliach 49 workplaces with 162 employees (excluding agriculture ), where 75 % were salaried employees. The number of workplaces showed a rise over the 1991 to seven companies (up 17 %), increased the number of employees by 55 persons ( 51%). The most important industry was 2001, the hotel and restaurant sector with 21 factories and 46 employees ( 28 % of employees in Obertilliach ). He was followed by the manufacturing sector with four factories and 25 employees (15 %) and the construction industry or the field of transport and communications, each with 22 employees ( 14% each ) at the single or four companies. In Obertilliach it was only a company with more than 20 employees.
Of the 307 economically active population from 2001 Obertilliach were 137 persons in their employment after Obertilliach, 170 had to commute to work. Of the commuters 15% each had their place of work in the metropolitan area or in Lienz Sillian, another 13 % worked in Hein rock. Another 25 % were found in the rest of the district area a job, another 16 or 14% commuted to North Tyrol or in another state, two of the residents had to commute abroad.
1999, there were 97 in Obertilliach agricultural and forestry holdings, which managed a total of 6,898 ha. This nine farms in the main acquisition and 78 businesses were performed in the sideline. Nine farms were owned by legal persons. The most important pillar of agriculture is livestock or dairy farming, in particular cattle, but also sheep were held. The processing of the meadows and fields serves practically only the livestock. Has an important meaning for the community and the timber industry, where a sawmill in the fraction mountains there.
Tourism in Obertilliach has an important economic impact for the community and is well above the average in East Tyrol. So the church was around 104,000 overnight stays include tourism year 2011/12. In the summer half of 2012 saw Obertilliach 45 515, in the winter of 2011/12 59 119 nights, bringing the tourism intensity ( overnight stays per inhabitant) in the community was three times as high as the district average, in winter even more than four times as high. Since the millennium, the overnight stays increased by 22 % in summer, in winter, they increased by 20%. Of the overnight stays in tourism year 2011/12 accounted for 46% German, 20 % of Austrians, Italians 12%, 3% and 2% on British Dutch. In winter 2011 853 beds was reported for Obertilliach.
Today the community like all other East Tyrol East Tyrol belongs communities for Tourism, with Tristach is organized in the " holiday region Alta Pusteria ". In the town there are four three-star hotels, nine inns, eight private landlord and 54 providers of apartments. An important attraction for winter sports is the biathlon stadium, which is connected to the 60-km long Grenzlandloipe. The Norwegian biathlete and cross country skier Bjørn Ole Einar Dalen, a multiple world champion and Olympic champion, has taken up residence in Obertilliach. Regularly also biathlon competitions take place in Obertilliach. Besides this, in the municipality and skiing, paragliding and mountain biking on. In summer the hiking sport is an important tourism support, the Carnian trail runs with its huts nearby.
Transport and Infrastructure
Obertilliach is traffic- developed by the Gail Valley road (B 111), which runs from Sillian in Val Pusteria to the Lower Carinthia's Gail Valley. The settlements of the municipality lie all at or near the Gail Valley Road. The public transport network is Obertilliach by buses Post AG, the line in around 25 minutes driving time connects with Sillian 4416 up to eight times per day Obertilliach Panzendorf, Tassenbach and Linz. The line is guided over Untertilliach and Maria Luggau to St. Lorenz in the valley of Lesa and holds in the community Obertilliach a six stops. The nearest rail connection is in Tassenbach ( Drau Valley Railway ).
Obertilliach is one of only three municipalities in the district of Lienz, had not joined forces to Jahrhtausendwende with other municipalities to a Wastewater Association. In addition, at this time there was only one in 1974 went into operation in mechanical wastewater treatment plant ( Emscher wells) in the meadows south of the Ortsrandes Obertilliach village. The 206 at this time existing, wastewater -producing properties were there connected only to 69% to the sewerage system. In the spring of 2002 began ( in the separation system ) in the district of the village with the new direction of the local network, the combined sewer system was abandoned in the course of the work. After the channeling of Rodarm to 2006, the channeling work was completed in Bergen, in 2012 launched the drains of the fraction passing Between 2005 and 2006, a fully biological sewage treatment plant was built with two Klärlinien in the district of Bergen with a design capacity of 2,200 inhabitants. The almost fully automated system consists of a roofed clarifiers, and a subsequent operation building. In 2011, the discharge of wastewater of the community Untertilliach was decided in the sewage treatment plant in the sequence.
The waste produced in the community, is disposed of in the Waste Management Association East Tyrol ( AWVO ).
The first indications of a school in Obertilliach found in Verfachbuch the court Anras from 1741. Following the introduction of compulsory education under Maria Theresa of teaching was initially in a parlor, it later emerged the parish and community schools. 1767 originated in the fraction passing a school, in 1824 was the founding of the school in Bergen. In 1876 there were in the fraction Village Rodarm 71 students with a teacher, in the fraction Huben 32 students with a teacher and in the fraction passing 17 students with a teacher. Previously also assist schools had existed, including the hamlet Flatsch. After the beginning of the 19th century, the first school houses were built of wood, built the church in 1953 in the fraction passing and 1962 in the fraction mountains a new school building. As early as 1969, however, attended the primary school in directing and 1972 that was abandoned in Bergen. In Obertilliach a modern school building was erected in 1969, which since 1978 houses a three-class elementary school and kindergarten. Skip to Main school children commute to Sillian, the next school is located in Lienz.
Culture and sights
From Obertilliach originate significant ecclesiastical dignitaries, but well-known military leader and politician. Georg Puecher worked example as a doctor of theology and was a professor at the University of Vienna as well as canon of St. Stephen. He gave the church of Obertilliach 1610 a valuable missal. Josef Altenweisl looked the other hand, from 1904 when Bishop of Brixen and Georg Prünster was from 1836 to 1861 as Auxiliary Bishop of Brixen, as well as Vicar General of Vorarlberg active. Michael Weier became known as the leader of the Tilliacher peasants at the Battle of the Lienz Klause against the French, Ignaz Peter Valtiner was executed in the wake of the French, after he had the pillaging French opposed iG. As a politician Jacob Annewanter made a name. He was for 21 years at the Tyrolean Landtag.