- Tropical rainforest climate
- Savannah climate
- Steppe climate
- Desert climate
- Wet Temperate climate
- Sinisches climate
- Wet Continental climate
- Trans Siberian climate
- Summer Dry Cold Air
The terms Maritimes / Oceanic climate or sea air denote the " oceanic temperature transition ", as the water of the oceans works as a temperature buffer. As the water temperature due to the large heat capacity changes more slowly than the temperature on the land, the land is cooled near the coast in summer from the sea, for it warmed in winter by him. This is still at very high water vapor content in the air, which allows only low sunlight - and - charisma. So it is in comparison to the Continental climate at a much lower temperature differences both between day and night and between summer and winter.
From oceanic climate, the speech may be, when the climate of a region is affected by the presence of a large mass of water. Water acts as a moderator in this context; because water is heated relatively slowly because of its large specific heat capacity and cools more slowly again, it acts both in winter and in summer, retard the process. This summer in the maritime climate is moderately warm, the winter but only moderately cold and each rainy.
The pure geographical location (coastal location ) alone is not an indication of maritime climate, there's the wind direction must be considered. New York, for example, although situated on the seafront, but has, like most of the U.S. east coast continental climate because the prevailing wind direction is from west to east and therefore the vast land area of North America determines the climate. The majority of Europe is, however, under the influence of maritime climate. The deeper one goes into the interior, more extreme climatic conditions; hence the cold Russian winter. Compared to the U.S., the climatic difference is also clearly visible: New York is at about the same latitude as Naples, and Munich is at the height of Québec ( Canada). On average, the winters are much warmer in European cities, as are extreme weather conditions (eg Blizzard ) rare.
Also, the presence of large lakes can influence the climate locally. With the shrinking of the Aral Sea now there is a 2-2.5 ° C warmer summer and a 1-2 ° C colder winter was measured. Also on the island of Mainau Lake Constance can demonstrate the effect.
- . Demmler Petra: The sea - water, ice and air, Verlag Eugen Ulmer, 2011 - ISBN 3-80015-864-7 Chapter: ocean and atmosphere; popular scientific presentation