Octavio Paz

Octavio Paz Lozano listening / i ( born March 31, 1914 in Mixcoac, today Mexico City, † April 20, 1998 in Mexico City)? Was a Mexican writer and diplomat. He received the 1990 Nobel Prize for Literature.


Octavio Paz joined the diplomatic service in 1945 in Mexico, a. He was until 1962 active in France, where he worked with Pablo Neruda. During this time, The Labyrinth of Solitude, an exploration of Mexican and Latin American identity emerged. A surrealistic influence on his work was inter alia, through cooperation with André Breton and Benjamin Péret. During the Spanish Civil War Paz fought on the Republican side.

1962 Paz was Mexican ambassador to India. In 1968 he resigned from the diplomatic career in protest against the massacre of Tlatelolco.

Opened in 1982, Paz in West Berlin, the festival Horizonte Festival of World Cultures ( No.2, 1982), together with the then Mayor of Berlin, Richard von Weizsäcker.

Among his most important works are lyrical Piedra de sol ( sun stone) from the 50s, a work which is compared in terms of its effect on Latin American literature with the effect of T. S. Eliot's The waste land on the English-language literature, Blanco ( White ) from the 60s and Pasado en claro ( from the Blotter for clarity) from the 70s. These three works mentioned were published under the title The great poems in German.




The dates are based on the time of origin and year of release of the original editions

Secondary literature

  • Alberto Ruy Sánchez: Octavio Paz, life and work. An Introduction. Suhrkamp Verlag, 1990, Frankfurt. Paperback 1984, ISBN 3-518-38394-9
  • Peter Sinnemann: The influence of Buddhism on Octavio Paz 's critique of occidental culture of modernity. In: Iberoamericana. Latin America. Spain. Portugal. Volume 20, 1996, No. 2 ( 62 ), pp. 62-87
  • Meaning man, Peter. Octavio Paz: Vislumbres de la India. Un diálogo con la condición humana.. Barcelona 1995 In: Iberoamericana. Latin America. Spain. Portugal. Volume 20, 1996, No. 2 ( 62 ), pp. 88-90