Oise (river)

Location of Oise in France

Oise - lock

Template: Infobox River / Obsolete

The Oise is a river in northern France and is one of the main waters of Picardy. It originates in Belgium in the municipality of Chimay and opens at the municipal boundary of Conflans -Sainte -Honorine and Andrésy as a right tributary of the Seine. It runs approximately 10 kilometers on Belgian territory and further 341 km in France. Therefore your total length is about 351 km, it has a catchment area of ​​16,667 square kilometers. On their way the Oise flows through the departments of Aisne, Oise, Val- d'Oise and Yvelines. The western foothills of the Ardennes near the Belgian border, between Hirson and Guise are called thiérache. This includes not only the upper Oisetal, but is also the source of the Sambre and several tributaries of the Sambre and Oise.


The average discharge of the Oise is 110 m³ / s ( in Pont -Sainte- Maxence ). The longest hydrological river in the river system of the Oise includes the Aire from the source at Sait -Aubin- sur -Aire in Barrois to its mouth in the Aisne at Termez in Canton Grandpré, those from thence to its mouth at Compiègne and the Oise there until its confluence with the Seine. He is one and a half times as long as the Oise itself.


Left tributaries:

  • Gland
  • Sound
  • Serre
  • Ailette
  • Aisne
  • Automne
  • Nonets
  • Thève

Rights tributaries:

  • Noirrieu
  • Matz
  • Aronde
  • Thérain
  • Esches
  • Viosne


The Oise is navigable from its confluence with the Seine to Compiègne. From there, the navigable Aisne also provides a further connection to the east. The north accompanied first the Lateral Canal à l' Oise ( German: Oise - side channel ), then the Canal de Saint- Quentin ( German: Port of Saint- Quentin ), and finally the Canal de la Sambre à l' Oise ( German: Sambre -Oise canal), the river to its headwaters.

The Canal de l' Oise à l' Aisne ( German: Oise -Aisne Canal) does not link the two rivers, but only its side channels as a waterway.

Places on the river


The Celts called the river Isara, which he is originally the same names as the Isère, the Flemish Yser, the Bavarian Isar and the South Tyrolean Eisack ( Italian: Isarco ). In the development of the French language was the 'i' to, oi ' how many old, i ' and ' e', about Liger > Loire, bibere > boire ( "drink", Italian: bere ) and stella > étoile ( " star " ).

At least since the Middle Ages, the Oise was eponymous for regions. Before the French Revolution it was the county Valois [ fusion of the word val ( lée ) ( "Valley ") with the name Ois (s )] as the home country of the aristocratic House of Valois, the belonged to several French kings. Since the inherited structure of France was replaced by the division into departments in the wake of the revolution, after the Oise two departments are named. On March 4, 1790 Oise was created which persists since in almost unchanged boundaries and the department of Seine -et- Oise. That was until 1 January 1968, when the Paris area was divided into smaller departments because of their population growth. One of these new means Val -d'Oise.