Ocha (Russian Оха ) is a town in Sakhalin Oblast (Russia) with 23,008 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).
The city is located in the north of Sakhalin Island, about 850 km north of the Oblasthauptstadt Yuzhno -Sakhalinsk, near the coast between the bays ( lagoons ) Urkt and Ketu the Sea of Okhotsk.
The city Ocha is directly subordinate to the oblast, and as the administrative center of the homonymous Rajons.
Ocha is the leading endpoint of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk in the north of the island road. By the end of 2006, a narrow-gauge (750 mm) railway line from Nogliki according to Ocha. A broad gauge track connecting with the Ocha about 30 kilometers away Moskalwo port on the west coast, is also out of service.
After 1880 oil was discovered in the area of the present town, was the first settlement, which was first, later called Oche Ocha. The industrial production of oil began in 1923, during the occupation of the northern part of the island Sakhalin by Japanese troops from 1920 to 1925. 1938 Ocha received city rights.
A devastating earthquake occurred on 28 May 1995 Neftegorsk in the southern part of the Rajons Ocha. The settlement was completely destroyed. About 2,000 residents were killed. A half as strong quake occurred on 10 May 2005 at the oil workers' settlement Sabo and the city of Ocha, said there were no casualties and destruction.
The previous mayor of the city of Ocha, Alexander Choroschawin, was appointed in August 2007 to the Governor of Sakhalin Oblast.
Note: Census data
Culture and sights
Since 1971 there is a local museum in Ocha.
Ocha - alongside Oblasthauptstadt Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk - center of oil and gas production of Sakhalin. From here, a pipeline to Komsomolsk -on-Amur.
To Ocha is mainly funded by Rosneft oil from more than 3000 holes, as from the deposits of the central Well Ocha, Katangli and Odoptu. Environmentalists have expressed concern several times, the distributions of the conveyors, the Bohrschlammdeponien and the condition of the pipelines on.
There is also a thermal power plant, as well as enterprises of the timber, construction and food industries.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Olga Kaminer, author
- Yevgeniya Kravtsova, biathlete