Catchment area of the Ochota
Template: Infobox River / Obsolete
In the area of Ochota estuary reached Russian Cossacks during their expansion to the east in the 1640s for the first time the Pacific coast, build a settlement and later city they named after the river Okhotsk. The name was transferred to the entire marginal sea of the Pacific in a row.
The Ochota created in about 1280 meters above sea level near the main ridge of the Suntar - Chajata Mountains, the south-eastern and highest part of the Verkhoyansk mountain system, in the extreme north of Khabarovsk Krai, near the border with the Republic of Sakha ( Yakutia), from the source streams Left Ochota ( Lewaja Ochota ) and rights Ochota ( Prawaja Ochota ). Both are about ten kilometers long and spring in 1800 to 2000 meters above sea level on the ridges of the mountain in this area with the Ulachan - Tschistai 2470 m altitude reaching Mountains.
The Ochota traverses the mountains first as a fast flowing mountain river in a southerly direction in a narrow, with the exception of the extreme upper reaches wooded valley. Later, the valley widens to Middle Ochota Valley between Judomagebirge in the west and Kuchtuigebirge and its upstream ridges to the east. In the area of the confluence of the creek Arka the valley narrows again before it reaches the plain north of the Sea of Okhotsk. In the Central and especially in the lower reaches of the Ochota forms a plurality of arms which extend partially across a width of several kilometers.
The river flows near the settlement Nowoje Ustje ( " New Mümdung " ) initially in the same lagoon Ochota and from there into the Sea of Okhotsk. The lagoon is connected to the larger lagoon a few kilometers east of the river opens out Kuchtui; both are separated from the open sea by the spit Tungusskaja kossa. Already 32 km above the mouth of Ochota branches from her left arm Chaibas from which opens above the lagoon in the neighboring river Kuchtui.
The Ochota is near the mouth of about 200 m wide and 1.5 m deep. The largest tributaries are Dolnaja, Delkju - Ochotskaja, Gyrby and Arka, all right.
The catchment area of 19,100 km ² comprises Ochota. The average discharge in mouth close is about 200 m³ / s
The Ochota freezes between the end of October / beginning of November and May.
Infrastructure and economy
The Ochota is in the lower reaches navigable for smaller vehicles currently registered in the list of inland waterways in Russia are not.
Outside of the estuary near the area traversed by the Ochota area is sparsely populated. The only place is Arka near the mouth of the creek of the same name. Several other villages along the right bank of the lower reaches were abandoned decades ago. Therefore, any infrastructure in the form of year-round passable roads is almost entirely absent. Links of the river is about ten kilometers above the Ochota Estuary airport of today's urban-type settlement of Okhotsk; this itself is located about ten kilometers east still beyond the Kuchtui directly on the seashore.
The river is an important spawning ground for various kinds Pacific salmon.