As Okies one called a group of economic refugees who had fled in the 1930s from the economic consequences of the Great Depression, but also from the ecological disaster in the so-called Dust Bowl of Oklahoma to California and from there to Latin American and Filipino laborers for day laborers jobs in agriculture and the processing industry competed.

Artistic processing

The fate of the Okies in the 30s was described among others by the writer John Steinbeck in his novel " The Grapes of Wrath " ( Grapes of Wrath, 1939) and by the folk singer Woody Guthrie, who was himself a " Okie ".

The country singer Merle Haggard landed in 1969 with the song Okie from Muskogee a No. 1 hit. Okie is also called an album by JJ Cale.

Okie - paradox

The humorist and philosopher Will Rogers created the most famous example of the " stage migration" paradox when he said: "When the Okies left Oklahoma and moved to California, They raised the average intelligence level in Both states. " ( German: "As moved the inhabitants from Oklahoma to California, they raised the average intelligence in both states. " )

  • Ethnic group of the United States