Okiharu Yasuoka (Japanese保 冈 兴 治, Yasuoka Okiharu; born May 11, 1939 in the prefecture of Tokyo, reported in Uken on Amami - Oshima, Kagoshima Prefecture) is a Japanese politician of the Liberal Democratic Party ( LDP), Member of the Shūgiin, the Japanese Lower House, and was twice Minister of Justice in the Cabinet. Within the party he belongs to the Ishihara faction.
Yasuoka was born the son of the later Lieutenant Governor of Kagoshima, Shūgiin MPs and Secretary Takehisa Yasuoka located in Tokyo. He spent his elementary and middle school in Kagoshima, after which he attended the Hibiya High School in Tokyo. Subsequently, he studied until 1964 Law at the Chuo University. After his bar exam, he completed his preparatory service until 1967 (司法 修习, Shushu Shiho ) at the Supreme Court. His subsequent work as a judge at the district court Kagoshima he finished after a year to assist his father in the campaign for the election Shūgiin 1969.
Yasuokas father, however, was voted out of office and declared his retirement from politics. In the following Shūgiin - election in 1972, he joined himself succeeded his father, and was in the constituency Amami Islands, the nation's only single constituency, first elected as an Independent to parliament. After the election, he joined the LDP and joined there the Tanaka faction to.
From 1978 to 1979, Yasuoka Parliamentary Secretary ( seimujikan ) in the Department of State Country, 1980-1981 Ministry of Finance. In 1985 he was deputy chairman of the policy research committee ( PARC ) of the LDP, two years later, then Deputy Secretary-General. In 1990, he lost his constituency to the independent Torao Tokuda, but its mandate has won back in 1993, after the constituency had been dissolved, and initially belonged to the Shūgiin through to 2009 (1993 in the constituency Kagoshima 1 with 4 seats, under the electoral law reform since 1996 single constituency Kagoshima 1). In 1994 he left together with Toshiki Kaifu, the LDP and joined at the Jiyu Rengo Kaikaku ( " Liberal Reform League" ), and later the Shinshinto. As early as 1995, he returned to the LDP.
1999, Yasuoka involved in the founding of the Yamasaki faction. Under Prime Minister Mori Yoshirō he was from July to December 2000 as the Minister of Justice for the first time a cabinet at. In August 2008, Yasuo Fukuda called him again in this office. With the assumption of office of his predecessor, Kunio Hatoyama, he announced to oppose a bill of Parliamentarians Association for the abolition of the death of Shizuka Kamei, after at the beginning in 2009 aldermen system a unanimous decision on the death penalty are necessary and also a life sentence without possibility for parole to be introduced. According Yasuoka was such a punishment "cruel" and did not correspond to the Japanese culture. In September 2008, Yasuoka was replaced by Fukuda's successor taro Asō by Eisuke Mori. In less than two months as Justice Minister Yasuoka had - authorized three hangings - as in his first term. In the 2009 election Shūgiin Yasuoka lost his constituency to the Democrats Hiroshi Kawauchi and also missed re-election in the block Kyūshū.
In the 2012 election Shūgiin Yasuoka recovered the constituency Kagoshima 1 and settled again into a Shūgiin. He then took over the chairmanship of the Special Committee on Political Ethics and the electoral law.