Oktyabrskaya (Koltsevaya Line)
Oktjabrskaja (Russian Октябрьская, pronunciation? / I ) is an underground station of the Moscow Metro. It lies on the ring line of the Metro and was taken as part of the first phase of the line in operation on 1 January 1950.
The station is located 40 meters underground and is applied parallel to the Garden Ring, under which it is located. The name derives from the railway station is the former name of the place at the intersection of the Garden Ring with the arterial road " Lenin Prospekt ". Like many other streets and squares of the former Soviet Union, he was named in memory of the October Revolution and therefore was called up in the 1990s into Oktjabrskaja ploschtschad, literally so " October Square ". Meanwhile, ie the place Kaluzhskaya ploschtschad ( " Kaluga Square " ), the metro station was, however, not otherwise named today. However, it was called until 1961, after the historic place names Kaluzhskaya - 1974 this name was given to another station further away from the city lies the Kaluschsko - Rischskaja line.
The station Oktjabrskaja has access, which is located on the outer ring side garden in a Vestibülgebäude. At the same time it provides an interchange with the same name station of the " orange " Kaluschsko - Rischskaja line, the Zugangsvestibül diagonally opposite located on the inner ring side garden. Within walking distance is Oktjabrskaja from, among others, the Gorky Park on the banks of the Moscow River and the historic district Yakimanka, which belongs to the Conservation Area south of the Moskva River ( Samoskworetschje ). Also located near the Oktjabrskaja a historic tram depot, which is still in operation today.
The Vestibülgebäude is similar to that of Kurskaja - Koltsevaya, in the style of a triumphal arch, which can be identified in particular the abundant ornamented arched portals inside the building. There, the main hall with access barriers, lead from the from escalators to the platform. The platform itself is a visual tripartite central platform, several flights of stairs lead to the direct transition to Kaluschsko - Rischskaja - line in its central region. The middle platform area is separated from the track area, each defined by a series of massive pylons of brownish- white marble. At the pylons decorative torch -shaped chandeliers are mounted in pairs. The arched vault is decorated with relief embossing, which are themed around the exploits of Soviet soldiers in the Second World War. The floor of the platform hall is designed in dark red and gray granite.
At the western end of the central hall is an unusual architectural composition that is somewhat reminiscent of an altar of an early Catholic worship: to see is there a portal, which is concluded by a decorative cast- iron gate, and behind this door are treated to a hollow space which is apparently azure illuminated from above and therefore causes at first glance the illusion of a colorful daylighting. Author of this composition was the architect Leonid Polyakov, who also led the construction of the entire platform area of Oktjabrskaja - Koltsevaya. While he himself called the " altar " merely as a means to let the general look of the subway station less possible to appear " underground ", the composition of some of his contemporaries, was interpreted as a symbol of the " carefree ( Communist ) future." For his realized project of Oktjabrskaja Polyakov was awarded the Stalin Prize.
The vestibule of the Oktjabrskaja was closed January 2, 2010 for the purpose of overhaul for several months. During the renovations could weekdays from 8:00 bis 9:15 clock only to Oktjabrskaja the Koltsevaya line to Oktjabrskaja the Kaluschsko - Rischskaja - line, do not be, however, switched in the opposite direction. Also, access to the latter worked for reasons of capacity is limited - weekdays from 8:00 bis 9:15 clock, only the output was possible.
The re-opening of access, has received, inter alia, new escalators and ticket barriers, took place on November 15, 2010.