Oldham is a town in north-west England on the northeastern edge of the conurbation of Greater Manchester. Historically, the city of the county of Lancashire is to be assigned. Since 1974 it belongs to the same Metropolitan Borough Oldham and counts 103 544 inhabitants (as of 2001). Documented the city is shown as a settlement around a mill.
The references to the settlement date back to the 11th century. Only with the Industrial Revolution and cotton processing, in particular, the prosperity of the city was founded. End of the 19th century was Oldham as a center of the textile industry and the most important place in the world in terms of cotton processing, as well as a center of mining. Mid-20th century began the decline of cotton processing, and the last production facility was closed in 1998. This structural change brought economic and social problems for the city with it.
In 1900, Winston Churchill won a seat for Oldham in the House. By 1904 he was able to hold this seat.
The first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born in Oldham General Hospital on July 25, 1978.
In 2001, Oldham in the headlines because of racially motivated riots between young supporters of the British National Party and British young people of Asian origin.
- Oldham Athletic F. C. ( Football),
- Oldham Roughyeds (Rugby)
- Oldham Cricket Club.
Oldham is a little off the M62, but has its own feeder road ( M66).
Previously, the city had five railway stations, now two ( Werneth and Mumps ). Since June 2012, the city is connected to the Metrolink in Manchester.
- Thomas Royds (1884-1955), Physicist
- Eric Sykes (1923-2012), actor and comedian
- Ian Kershaw ( born 1943 ), historian
- John Lees ( b. 1947 ), singer, songwriter, composer and guitarist
- Paul Hilton ( born 1959 ), football player
- Brian Cox ( b. 1968 ), Physicist
- Kate Ashfield (born 1972 ), actress
- Mark Owen (born 1972 ), member of the British pop group Take That
- Jordan Rhodes (* 1990), Scottish football player
- Daniel Philliskirk (* 1991), football player