His parents were the farmer Jørgen Richter (1790-1880) and his wife Massi Rostad ( 1798-1877 ). He married in 1866 in Great Britain Charlotte Wakeford Attree (24 November 1830-12. February 1885 ). He was the eldest of eight siblings. All grew up in Rostad and were taught there in the parents' home. 1845 to 1846 he lived with his uncle, the Sorenskriver in Orkdal Andreas Richter.
In the spring he laid at the University of Christiania from the Preliminæreksamen and 1847 the exam in law. After two years of residence in another uncle in Sjælland (Denmark), he returned to Christiania and put the exam in artium. Staying in Denmark introduced him to national and liberal Ideegut, which he should remain true in Norway. He studied law and now again laid in 1852 the state exam. During this time he was also a member of Det lærde Holland. 1853 to 1855 he was Sorenskriver on time Stjordal and Verdal.
1855 to 1856, he studied law in the UK and France and was an admirer of the English parliament. 1856 to 1859 he edited together with a friend, the newspaper Aftenbladet. He followed his earlier liberal ideas and represented the ideas of Scandinavianism and was critical of both against the government and the farmer opposition. In October 1859, he left the editorial Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. But when this had to hand through his appearance in the governor dispute the editor, he took it again. In 1861 he moved back to Inderoy, where he opened a law office and took over the headquarters of the Rostad family. In his hometown, he was for several years president of the local representation.
1862 to 1876 he was a delegate for Trondheim in the Storting. Here he joined the liberal opposition to to the other under Johan Sverdrup, who resigned later, included John Steen and Ludvig Daae. The topics for which he was involved, were the annual convocation of the Storting, which met every three years at that time, the access of members of the government on the negotiations of the Storting, the introduction of the jury in the criminal trial and the extension of the right to vote.
1872 Richter was elected president of the Odelsting. He remained until he was elected in 1877 Lagtingspräsident. It was the time of high political tension. Sverdrup and Jaabøk tried to prevent his re-election in 1873. He was re-elected by narrow margins. In 1872 he was appointed Sorenskriver in Nordfjord, but did not appear at his office. In 1876, he was reeve in Trondheim and moved there. 1877 to 1878 he was a delegate for Trondheim and Levanger. He wanted to now retire from politics. 1878-1884 he was the Swedish- Norwegian consul general in London. In 1884 he was Minister of State in Stockholm as a member of the government Sverdrup. Tensions grew to Sverdrup, especially as this friend the judge, the Army Minister Ludvig Daae, in April 1885 urging from the government. Then there were differences on the negotiations between Norway and Sweden on the Norwegian Mission abroad and equality in this policy field ( The Konsularstreit ). Sverdrup denied before the Odelsting any responsibility for a controversial wording in the preliminary basis for negotiations on 15 May, which had come under the direction of the judge concluded. This dispute is regarded as one of the motives for Richter's later suicide.
The proposal stated:
" Ministerial saker skal foredras for Kongen av ministeren for de utenrikske anliggender nærvær i av to av det andre medlemmer svenske - including tre av det norske medlemmer Statsråd "
It was about the word " other " in the text. It included namely that the Foreign Minister should be a Swede in any case. Norway would have so bought the numerical equality with the approval of a definitely Swedish foreign minister. Sweden wanted to go into it. Judge relied on the fact that this formulation Sverdrup had agreed to during his stay in Stockholm or on 11 May, which Sverdrup denied. He later denied that he had the consent of Sverdrup's ever said, probably in order to keep his position in the government Sverdrup. But he had done exactly in 1886 in a confidential letter to Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. Bjørnson published on May 23, 1888 this letter, which judge has been disavowed as unprincipled.
Domestically, there was renewed conflict, this time on the introduction of the municipal council and the pastor choice as progress of the democratization of the Church. Jakob Sverdrup and his uncle brought up the idea, but he was not retained after a lengthy discussion in the program of Venstre, and both in the government and in the party opinions differed on the merits.
1887 the Storting rejected the proposal. When the Venstre now the resignation Sverdrup called for the vote defeat, judges joined this application is not in, and on 18 February 1888, he argued for the postponement of an introduced proposal that had to be noted before proceeding with the agenda that the government is the majority behind to have what would have amounted to a vote of no confidence in the given situation in the Storting. The proposal was not postponed, but rejected. Richter was now completely isolated and was forced out of the government. On June 6, he resigned as Minister of State in Stockholm and committed suicide on June 15.