Schreiner was the seventh child of a German missionary and an English vicar 's daughter. 1881 she moved to England and began her writing career. Your first semi autobiographical work The Story of an African Farm was published in 1883 under her pseudonym Ralph Iron. The German translation was published under the title story of an African farm. In 1911 she published her book Woman and Labour. Between 1907 and 1913 she lived in the South African De Aar.
She was a feminist, declared opponent of the church and socialist. She was a member of the board of the Socialist Democratic Federation, which later became the Labour Party was formed. She was also a friend of Eleanor Marx, daughter of Karl Marx.
Her younger brother William Philip Schreiner was 1899-1902 Prime Minister of the Cape Colony.