Oliveira do Hospital Municipality

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Oliveira do Hospital is a municipality and city ( Cidade ) in Portugal.


Finds evidence of a settlement by humans since prehistoric times. The circle ( concelho ) Oliveira do Hospital was around the time of the Second Crusade ( 1147-1149 ) was founded. The place name, who had previously developed etymologically from Ulvária ( a type of algae found in local waters ) to Oliveira, was named auxiliary do Hospital Oliveira for differentiation from other places mentioned. The Queen D.Teresa originally chose the name for dedication of Johanniter-/Hospitaliterordens (see Sovereign Order of Malta ), to which they gave the village 1120. Renewed in 1514 King Manuel I, the city rights ( Foral ). In 1993 ( Cidade ) was Oliveira do Hospital on the status of Vila ( town ) to the city levied.


Numerous monuments stand in a circle Oliveira do Hospital, in particular a number of religious buildings, mansions and fountains. Noteworthy are the Mozarabic church of São Pedro de Lourosa in Lourosa and the baroque church in São Gião. In the community Bobadela Roman ruins are in place.

The village of Aldeia das Dez is one of the traditional slate villages of the Route aldeias do xisto in the county Oliveira do Hospital. Various local and regional trails through the area, and river pools offer water sports and swimming.


Oliveira do hospitalist is the administrative seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Nelas, Seia, Arganil Tábua and Carregal do Sal

The following parishes ( freguesias ) are in the county Oliveira do Hospital:

  • Aldeia das Dez
  • Alvoco the Várzeas
  • Avô
  • Bobadela
  • Ervedal
  • Lagares da Beira
  • Lagos da Beira
  • Lajeosa
  • Lourosa
  • Meruge
  • Nogueira do Cravo
  • Oliveira do Hospital
  • Penalva de Alva
  • Santa ouaia
  • São Gião
  • São Paio de Gramaços
  • São Sebastião da Feira
  • Seixo da Beira
  • Travanca de Lagos
  • Vila Franca da Beira
  • Vila Pouca da Beira


Sons and daughters of the town

  • Domingos Joanes († 1203), Knight
  • Brás Garcia de Mascarenhas (1596 - 1656), poet and military
  • João Pedro Tavares Trigueiros (1831 - 1902), engineer and military
  • Pina Martins (1920 - 2010), philologist and historian
  • Maria Armanda Ricardo Monteiro ( born 1946 ), singer and second wife of José Cid
  • José Manuel Saraiva (* 1946), journalist and writer
  • Dulce Pássaro (* 1953), politician and former PS Minister of the Environment
  • Carlos Martins ( b. 1982 ), football player


In the village kindergartens, primary schools, secondary schools, a school for disabled children, and a vocational school are located. The city is home to the School of Administration Escola Superior de Tecnologia e Gestão de Oliveira do Hospital ( ESTGOH ), a branch of the Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra.


Textile industry is of importance here, especially men's. Nationally known are the cheeses that are usually expected to specialty cheeses of the Serra da Estrela. The circle is important as a medium to upper center as a retail location. Tourism has also recovered in the form of rural tourism in importance, such as the Pousada Vila Pouca da Beira, or the recording of Aldeia das Dez in the route of aldeias do xisto 2001.