The Olpe district lies to the south of North Rhine -Westphalia Sauerland. It belongs to the administrative district of Arnsberg, is part of the Regional Association of Westphalia -Lippe and belongs to the region South. Seat of the district is the town of Olpe.
- 6.1 rail and bus
- 6.2 roads
- 6.3 airfields
The Olpe district has an area of approximately 710 km ². The diameter in the north -south orientation is about 36 km in east-west orientation of about 38 km. The lowest point of the circle Olpe lies northwest of Rönkhausen in the community Finnentrop at 224 m above sea level.
The highest point above sea level of the Olpe are the mountains:
- Härdler ( Lennestadt ) 756 m
- High Hessel (municipality Kirchhundem ) 743 m
- Wild Höfer (municipality Kirchhundem ) 725 m
- Riesenberg (municipality Kirchhundem ) 720 m
The Olpe district was created after the transition of the former Duchy of Westphalia to Prussia in 1819 after the county Bilstein dissolved and its territory for the most part on the district of Olpe, other parts (such as Schönholthausen ) came to the county Eslohe.
First District was Caspar Ferdinand Freusberg. In the 1820s, the circle in the seven mayors Attendorn, Bilstein, Drolshagen, Kirchhundem, Olpe, Valberg and turning was divided, of which the mayor Altenvalbert was reclassified in 1832 in the district of Altena.
During the introduction of the rural community - Regulations for the Province of Westphalia, the mayors were converted in the 1840s into offices. The city was Attendorn since 1843 and the city Olpe since 1858 Office release. In Olpe district existed since six offices and a total of 21 municipalities:
Economically were parts of Olpe in pre-industrial economic center of the Duchy of Westphalia. Especially the sheet metal fabrication around Olpe was of national importance. Other iron industrial enterprises were of considerable importance. Against the industrial competition, these products could not exist, of course. Therefore, it came in the first half of the 19th century to a process of de-industrialization and agrarianization. This involved above-average education and Abwandererzahlen. In essence, without continuity of personnel developed, not least thanks to a rail link in the 1860s, an industrial sheet metal fabrication. Moreover, were the mining and other commercial areas of great importance. There was to the 20th century an important leather industry.
On 24 December 1930, the community was renamed Fjord Grevenbrück.
In contrast to various neighboring circles of the circumference of the circle Olpe at the municipal reorganization in North Rhine -Westphalia remained largely unchanged. The law on the restructuring of the district of Olpe 1969 twenty communes of the district were merged with three communes of Meschede to seven new official free communities. The six offices of the district were dissolved. At the same time the county boundary between the district of Olpe and the Oberbergi has been affected by exchange of territory in the area Drolshagen / Lieberhausen. The community Lenne was annexed by the Sauerland / Paderborn- law on January 1, 1975 in the town of Schmallenberg in the Sauerland district.
The Olpe district is divided into seven kreisangehorige communities of which carry the status of three Middle kreisangehorige cities.
( Population figures from December 31, 2012)
The Olpe district is bordered to the northwest by the Märkischen Circle, on the northeast by the Hochsauerlandkreis, in the southeast of the district of Siegen -Wittgenstein, old churches in the south to the Rhineland-Palatinate County (Westerwald ) and to the west by the Oberbergisch district.
The term of office of Hans Peter Klein went in Olpe district municipal double top to end. His successor, Frank Becke Hoff of the Christian Democratic Union of Germany ( CDU), was previously Chief Administrative Officer and is the first full-time district after the Second World War and therefore Chairman of the County Council and head of the district administration.
Coat of arms
The circular crest is cleaved by silver and gold; front in silver with a black cross, back in gold two red bars. The cross is reminiscent of the historical affiliation of the district to the Electorate of Cologne, with the rear of the coat of arms is drawn to the centuries- old connection with the House of Fürstenberg.
A native of Olsberg Peter Liese ( EPP) is since 1994 the value selected for Olpe representatives in the European Parliament. For constituency all towns and cities include the districts of Olpe, Soest, Siegen -Wittgenstein and the Märkischen circle and the Hochsauerlandkreises.
Matthias Heider (CDU ) represents the electoral district of Olpe / Maerkischer circuit I in the German Bundestag. He won in 2009 the direct mandate. From 1994 to 2009 was Hartmut Schauerte (CDU ) of the people's representatives for the constituency of 150, among which all the municipalities of the district of Olpe and the southern part of the Mark Brandenburg circle ( Halver, Hershey, Kierspe, Lüdenscheid, Meinerzhagen and Schalksmuehle ).
Theodor Kruse (CDU ) since 1995, the representative in the parliament of North Rhine -Westphalia for the district of Olpe. In the 2005 parliamentary elections he got 64 % of votes. About the reserve list also attracted Reinhard Jung ( SPD) in 2004 in the state legislature. He belongs to the Bureau of Parliament.
Rail and bus
The Olpe district is served by two railway lines:
- The double-track electrified Ruhr -Sieg line on which
- The single track railway Finnentrop -Freudenberg, on the
The Olpe district is crossed by two motorways:
In Olpe district, there are two special landing area:
- Airfield Attendorn - Finnentrop ( ICAO code EDKU ) on the territory of the municipality Finnentrop and
- Airfield Hünsborn ( ICAO code EDKH ) on the territory of the municipality Wenden.