The Op Art or Optical Art is a style of visual art in the 1960s, which produced using precise abstract form patterns and geometric color figures in the viewer surprising or disturbing visual effects, the idea of ​​movement, flickering and optical illusions.


The Op Art comes from the experimental traditions of the Bauhaus and Russian Constructivism: Both schools built between the phenomena of light and color a strict separation line, which is justified by the different respective reception. Light can be perceived in space as an intangible state of motion - but color has a physical attachment to a surface and require to carry out the light. From this basic distinction between spatial light color and two-dimensional, two forms of visual art found:

  • A kinetic op-art in three-dimensional space and
  • A static Op Art on the two-dimensional plane.

The emphasis of the visual prompting Josef Albers to the statement that all painting is visually. He formulated his criticism in the sentence:

After the Second World War, Victor Vasarely developed his art from the chromatic color vibration experiments of the Bauhaus school. Such derived from color contrasts Op Art used for their effect in addition the serial structures of geometric abstraction and also reiterated the ornament.

The exhibition, curated by William C. Seitz exhibition The Responsive Eye at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1965, made ​​known in the visual arts in the United States. The term Op Art is supposed to be a year earlier emerged. Donald Judd is also called as the creator of the name: He finished a critique of the exhibition Optical Paintings by Julian Stanczak in the Martha Jackson Gallery with the two- word phrase: Op art. In the discussion about the naming and the Polish artist Henryk Berlewi is called.

Today is already receiving a new generation of painters, motivic content and reflective, the " historical " Op -art of the sixties, including since the early nineties, the Americans Philip Taaffe.

Op-Art - Artists

Op-Art Exhibitions

  • Denise René

Op Art Fashion Art