Open vowel

Open vowel vowels are meant those in which the mouth is relatively wide open; no other vowels are pronounced with greater mouth opening. The angle of the jaw is large, the tongue occupies a low position.

When will "open" the "a " sounds referred to as the "i " - " ü" - and "u" count - lute to the closed vowels. The term open vowel corresponds to the term low vowel. Between the "open" and "closed", the mean vowels spoken accordance with an average mouth opening.

German Examples of open vowels

Open vowels are:

  • [ a] ( briefly) in " spell, comb, lamb "
  • [a ː ] ( long) in " train came, lame " and the
  • Reduction vowel [ ɐ ] ( briefly) in " banner [' banɐ ] chamber [' kamɐ ], lambs [' lɛmɐ ] "

The reduction vowel is not always counted among the open vowels; Hakkarainen places him among the mid vowels.