Orange (colour)

Orange ( [ oʀɑ ː ʒ ], and [ oraŋʃ ] ) is a color that is perceived when light strikes the eye with a spectral distribution, are mainly 575-595 nm at the wavelength or from an additive color mixture of red and yellow. Light with this property can be remitted as body color.


The color orange is named after the orange citrus fruit. Occurs between red and yellow in thus become only having general circulation of this tropical fruit a recognized color name. Goethe wrote to his color wheel yellow red and reddish-yellow and referred to the effect as "noble".

When are adjective " orange " like orange now also accepts the deklinierten in German next to the undeklinierten form and descriptions. They deal with: an orange / orange hat, orange / orange cap, an orange / orange shirt. Colloquially, the inflected forms are orange, orange, orange spread, this is in the written language as incorrect.

The pronunciation of the word corresponding to the German pronunciation of the French [ oʀɑ ː ʒ ], is found in Germany, the pronunciation [ oraŋʃ ].

Color theory

Orange is in the additive color mixture, the result of adding the secondary color yellow and the primary color red and is so even as a tertiary color. This is the color mixing of the light color. The red should be used as the base color has a orange-red. For body color, Orange mixing to be in accordance with a red and a yellow colorant in the appropriate ratio.

An orange with low relative brightness is called Brown. This plays as the picture shows, the relative brightness of the surroundings of the color area an important role. A shade of orange with a high white level is often referred to, at least in fashion and design as apricot.

In the representation of colors in web browsers to orange tones within the RGB color space can be represented. The use of the color name " orange" in the HTML as web color is this color, equal rights to the use of RGB = { 255,165,0 } in decimal or in hexadecimal FFA500.


The color is set in their tints for refreshment, happiness and youth. She stands so for joy, but also maturity.

  • Orange applies in psychology as mood enhancing, stimulating and is associated with pleasure.
  • In combination with terracotta tones it emphasizes a " Mediterranean " style, is invigorating and optimistic.
  • In depth psychology, it stands for communication and the desire for unity.

Signal color

Orange is a warning color, it will be used on the road and in the labeling of dangerous (danger symbols). With " Pure Orange " designated RAL color is the color number RAL 2004 and the RGB coordinates R = E7, G = 5B and B = 12 It is the color of civil protection. Orange is conspicuous by redder than a mere yellow. Municipal vehicles such as garbage trucks, sweepers and snow plows and work vehicles of transport companies are usually painted orange.


In Buddhism, orange is a prominent color. The robes of the monks are held in this color. In tantric civilization shaped India it stands for selfless service, monasticism and renunciation. Orange is in Northern Ireland a sign of Protestantism, rooted in Orange Order. The color has been used, among others, as a sign of the Protestant churches in the German Protestant Church Congress in 2007.

In Tantric Hinduism, Tantric Buddhist Vajrayana, in yoga, in Traditional Chinese Medicine ( TCM ) and in some esoteric teachings of the postulated subtle energy centers between the body and the subtle body of man are called chakras. The color orange is said to have its frequency with the second, sacral chakra.

Design and Fashion

In the 1970s, Orange was a fashion color in clothes fashion, architecture and product design. Intense orange tones are considered trendy, slightly tinted orange tones are considered Mediterranean. Orange tones and hues in the environment of orange are in the fashion industry often provided with atmospheric- metaphorical terms: Apricot ( pastel, orange with white), caramel ( brownish orange), Curry ( shade between beige, yellow and orange ), cognac (orange stichiges brown).

Martial Arts

In many martial arts such as Jiu Jitsu, Judo and Karate, a belt (Japanese Obi ) as part of the martial arts sport (Japanese Keikogi ) is worn. The orange belt represents the knowledge of the Budoka and the lower student grades (Japanese Kyu degrees) reserved.


In the Netherlands, the color is the symbol of the Royal House of Orange and the jersey color of the football team ( " Orange Shirt" ).

In the presidential elections in Ukraine in 2004 it was because it occurred fakes the so-called " Orange Revolution ", which eventually led to redial and the victory of the formerly defeated candidate Viktor Yushchenko on 26 December 2004.

The Ecological- Democratic Party, the Pirate Party Germany, the Humanist Party and the family party use orange as a color code. The Alliance for Austria's Future also decided to use orange as a party color. In Turkey, it is the party color of the ACP.