Origanum onites

The Turkish oregano (Origanum onites ) is a plant of the genus Doste (Origanum ) in the mint family ( Lamiaceae).


The Turkish Oregano is a dwarf shrub whose stems are up to 60 cm long, grow upright and dense hair papillae and rough. The oppositely arranged leaves are constantly 5 to 22 mm long and 4 to 12 (rarely to 17) mm wide. They are ovate to circular - ovate, rounded at the base or heart-shaped, pointed at the tip or short acuminate. The leaf margin is entire or cut away. The leaf blade is papillose and shaggy hairy and glandular- dotted. On the underside of the leaf veins protrude slightly. The lower leaves are stalked, the rest sitting.

The inflorescence consists of spikelets 4-10 mm in length, which are ovoid, elongated or prismatic. They are very close and form at the end of the stems have a density corymb with a diameter of 2 to 8 ( often up to 10) cm. The bracts are 3 to 3.5 mm long and are slightly above the cup out. The lower bracts are ovate and pointed, the upper are circular - ovate, obtuse, and covered with short downy. The calyx is ovate - spatulate, 2.75 to 3 mm long, single lip and has a deep slit on one side. He is busy entire or with three tiny teeth, nearly hairless, glandular- dotted and ciliated. The crown is 4 to 5.5 mm long and white.

The fruits are oblong- ovate nutlets with a length of about 1 mm.

The chromosome number is 2n = 30,


The Turkish Oregano is used in the Mediterranean region and is located on Crete, in Greece, the former Yugoslavia, in Sicily, and may also be found in Spain. As growth places it prefers dry thickets, open slopes, rocks and Barrens.