Orizaba is a city and a district in the region Altas Montañas in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The city has a population of 117,273, of the same county, which also still occupies a small area on the outskirts of the city, belonged to the same time a total of 117 289 inhabitants.

The 1236 meters above sea level located in a very fertile valley town is surrounded by several mountains, of which the volcano Pico de Orizaba, more commonly known in slang as Pico de Orizaba, with its 5,636 meters is also the highest mountain in Mexico.

Road structure

The main axes of the city are the streets Madero and Colón, which also determine the classification system of the other roads. Their meeting at Parque Castillo is the starting point of the two main axes. From here, the Calle Madero runs under the name of Calle Madero Norte in the north and as Calle Madero Sur to the south. The Avenida Colón as east - west axis of the city is from this point of intersection to the west as Avenida Colón Poniente and as Avenida Colón Oriente to the east.

The other roads wear appropriate designations that allow easy orientation. All runs from west to east -west roads are designated as Avenida Madero Calle Poniente and east of this as Avenida Oriente. The running from north to south roads are referred to the north Avenida Colón as Calle Norte and south of this as Calle Sur; that is, all running from east to west roads are called " Avenida ", and all running from north to south streets as " Calle ".

In the northwestern sector, the streets known as Avenida Poniente always have an even number ( from south to north in ascending order first the Avenida Poniente 2, the Avenida Poniente 4, and so on ) and in the southwestern sector is an odd number: the north-south ascending Avenida Poniente 3, Avenida Poniente 5 and so on. In the northeastern sector, the streets known as Avenida Oriente find the odd numbers ( from south to north, first ascending the Avenida Oriente 3, the Avenida Oriente 5, and so on ) and in the southeastern sector, with the even numbers: according to north south ascending Avenida Oriente 2, Avenida Oriente 4 and so on.

In the same way, the streets known as Calle Norte and Calle Sur differ. In the northwestern sector, the Calle Norte 3, Calle Norte 5 find, and so on ( from east to west in ascending order ) and in the northeastern sector, the ' Calle Norte 2, Calle Norte 4, and so on ( from west to east in ascending order ). In the southwestern sector, Calle Sur 2, Calle Sur 4 and so on find accordingly (from east to west in ascending order ) and in the southeastern sector Calle Sur 3, Calle Sur 5 and so on ( from west to east in ascending order ).

Calle Madero Norte

Named after the former President Francisco Madero Calle Madero runs from the Avenida Colón in a northerly direction as Calle Madero Norte. At the very beginning of its course it passes the northeast of the intersection located Parque Castillo and subsequently at the located between the streets Poniente 2 and 3 Oriente Cathedral. West of the road is located on the 4 located between Avenida 2 and Avenida Poniente Poniente area of ​​the Palacio de Hierro, which housed a town council until 1990.

The Calle Madero Norte runs in a northerly direction to the meeting of the Avenida 34 Poniente with Avenida Oriente 35, where it is interrupted at a plot that extends to 39 Avenida Oriente. To the north is the road continued to Avenida Oriente 43 In the area north of the Poniente 34 forms the west of the property extending Calle De Norte 3, the boundary between the Avenidas Poniente and Oriente.

Calle Madero Sur / Carretera Federal 150

South of Avenida Colón enough Calle Madero Sur "only" up to the Avenidas Poniente 9 and 10 Oriente One block north of it, it crosses the motorway, which connects 150 as part of the Carretera Federal, the Mexican capital with the port city of Veracruz. On the route to the cities of Puebla are located (west of Orizaba ) and Córdoba (east of Orizaba ). Within the city limits of Orizaba, the Carretera Federal west is called the Calle Madero Poniente Sur as Avenida 7 and east of Madero Sur Avenida Oriente than 6. Previously it was known in the inner city as Calle Real and in the region as Camino Nacional. It is the most important one for the car and bus traffic artery of the city.

Avenida Colón

The street is named after the Spanish word for Cristóbal Colón, Christopher Columbus. West of the intersection with Calle Madero Avenida Colón Poniente extends to the park Alameda " Gabilondo Soler Francisco ", behind which the historic Cerro del Borrego rises. This ten 500 -meter-long section, the road leads past the southern Palacio Municipal ( entrance opposite the Calle Norte 7), in which the municipal town hall since 1991.

East of the intersection with Calle Madero and immediately south of the Parque Castillo leads the Avenida Colón Oriente in an easterly direction to the north side of the municipal cemetery Juan de la Luz Enríquez and ends at Calle Sur 47 On the north side of the road are, among others, the municipal library José Bernardo Couto Pérez ( between Calle Norte 18 and Calle Norte 22 ), intended as a municipal meeting hall covered bullring Plaza de Toros La Concordia de Orizaba with entrance in the northern Avenida Poniente 5 ( between Calle Norte 36 and Calle Norte 38 ) and the north of the cemetery located Centro de Rehabilitación integral de Orizaba ( between Calle circunvalación and Calle Norte 44).


The name Orizaba evolved from the word Ahuilizapan, which had given the village the prehispanic settlers. This comes from the Nahuatl and means roughly place the water games or place of lively waters and is derived from the abundant rivers. In fact, Orizaba is one of the cities with the most rivers in Mexico. It lies in a hydrographic basin of the Río Papaloapan. The fertile soil of this town is served by numerous streams which are tributaries of the Río Blanco to a great extent. The main body of water in the city of Orizaba are the same Río Orizaba and the Río Blanco yourself In addition to the end of 1872 were carried out following the Mexican railway network Orizaba owes its rise to an industrial city, especially in the region of the abundant waters. So settled in the 1880s and 1890s a number of factories that produced energy from the hydroelectric power of the two local rivers. Through the course of the Río Orizaba, which flows through the city from north to south, a series of bridges were required to connect the eastern and western urban areas together. They gave the city its nickname La señora de los puentes (Eng. The woman of the bridges ).

With the arrival of the Spaniards the importance of henceforth rapidly growing settlement grew. This was due primarily to their exposed position on the connection between the Mexican capital Mexico City and the formerly most important port in the country, Veracruz.

As here in 1764 tobacco growing was forced, began another boom. 1830 Orizaba received city status in 1836 and was initiated early industrialization with opening the first factory. 1874 Orizaba was even declared the capital of the state of Vera Cruz, but lost this status in 1878 to the City of Xalapa, which has remained to the present day capital. The first original style City Hall was the 1894 shipped from Brussels in Belgium to Orizaba Palacio de Hierro. 1896 one of the major breweries in Mexico was founded in Orizaba with the Cerveceria Moctezuma.


The early industrialization of the town led, among other things, to the creation of two football clubs, both División of the founding members of the 1943/44 Primera introduced, the top division in the Mexican football club, included.

The older Asociación Deportiva Orizabeña whose club crest to the Pico de Orizaba shows was ( at that time still under the name Orizaba AC) founded in 1898 by Scottish textile workers and first champion (1903 ) in the history of Mexican football can boast at least to be. His first team played in the 2010/11 season under the name Albinegros de Orizaba in the subprime Liga de Ascenso.

The other club was founded in 1932 by employees of the above mentioned brewery under the name of Union Deportiva Moctezuma de Orizaba. The logo of the now defunct club was identical with the coat of arms.

The city also produced a number of football talent, who were supporting the Capital Club América in the 1920s and 1930s. These include primarily the brothers Ernesto, and Jorge Isidoro Sota, who also managed all the leap into the Mexican national soccer team. In addition there are the brothers Luis and Hesíquio Cerrilla, Juan and Rosendo Terrazas and Alfredo " Viejo " Sánchez.

The in the 1920s, was born in Orizaba brothers José, Martín and Samuel Cuburu were football players, who all played in the 1943/44, imported Mexican professional league. Martín Cuburu was before the introduction of professional football twice Master of the Real Club España and Samuel Cuburu belonged to the Mexican World Cup squad 1950.


  • Castillo Mier y Pesado
  • Catedral de San Miguel Arcángel
  • Iglesia de la Concordia
  • Museo de Arte del Estado
  • Palacio de Hierro
  • Palacio Municipal
  • Panteon Juan de la Luz Enríquez
  • Plaza de la Constitucion
  • Teatro Llave
  • Templo y Exconvento del Carmen

There are also some sites outside the city.

Diocese of Orizaba

  • See Diocese of Orizaba

Sons and daughters of the town

  • See list of sons and daughters of the city of Orizaba

References and sources

  • Enciclopedia de los municipios de México
  • The State of Veracruz. Ediciones Nueva Guía, Madrid 2002, ISBN 968-5437-28-9, pp. 137