Template: Infobox River / BILD_fehlt
The Orpe is a 19.1 km long, orographic right or southern tributary of the Diemel in Hochsauerlandkreis in North Rhine -Westphalia and in Waldeck- Frankenberg in Hesse ( Germany ).
The Orpe entfließt in Westphalia's Sauerland from at least two sources:
- The first source of Orpe is loud German base map approximately 190 meters from the border to the district Waldeck -Frankenberg and thus removed to Northern Hesse. It is located on the Northern Slope of the Waldecker panel around 700 m north of the unforested mass Hauser height ( 432.5 m above sea level. NN ) to about 365 m above sea level about 1.4 km southeast of the southeastern Marsberger district Canstein in a wooded valley. From there to the 19.1 km river length are measured in the aforementioned map.
- The second source of Orpe that Orpequelle, is located just below Cansteins at the Sambtmühle, which is in / on a pond surrounded by fish ponds ( bed: 300 liters of water per second).
- Another source, Güthing called, which is also described as the origin of Kleppe, is also located below Cansteins and still slightly above the aforementioned " Orpequelle " in the ruins of the " mill on Güthing ".
From its farthest source, those close to the mass Hauser height Orpe ( Hessian- Westphalian plateau east and south of Mars Hill) flows predominantly in a northerly direction through the mainly agricultural hills of the Red Lands. After leaving the first forests of the stream runs towards Canstein, at the southern edge of the Canstein castle stands. Before the village he feeds two ponds to then east over to go directly to a sports field and to pass through the village to the east, with the east of the river the " cultural monument former castle Sweden 's Lair" is. Below Cansteins where the aforementioned sources " Orpequelle " and " Güthing ", the leads from the southwest direction coming Kleppe, which is 7.6 km Total length much longer up to this point as the 2 km long, from the direction of mass Hauser height coming Orpeoberlauf.
A little further down river feeds the Orpe numerous ponds at the " Udorfer mill ", to then extend approximately along the eastern edge of the south-eastern part of the city Marsberger Udorf. Then her water crosses the border to Hesse, so that the river flows through the northern part of the district Waldeck- Frankenberg.
In this district the North Hessian Orpe passes the standing directly east of Kohlgrund hammer mill and then Eilhausen that both parts of the city of Bad Arolsen are. A little further north it flows east past Neudorf, a district of Diemelstadt, after which it flows through the more than 100 m deep cut and lined by densely wooded mountains Orpetal. In this valley the Orpe runs past the buildings Denkelhof and Roth hammer. They reached the Diemel townspeople district Orpethal, after which it passes through the Piggenhammer.
After crossing the A44 and the Orpe flows like a channel passed through Wrexen, a district of Diemelstadt to directly below the village at about 196 m above sea level. NN to culminate in the coming of the West Diemel. Thus, a total of approximately 169 m difference in altitude result.
Catchment and inflows
Among the tributaries of the Orpe whose catchment area covers 97.98 km ², including including respective orographic mapping (l = left side, r = right side ), and - if known - specify the length in kilometers (km) and catchment size in square kilometers (km) with estuary ( downriver considered ):
- Kleppe ( l; 7.6 km, 25.87 km ²; below Canstein )
- Schleiderbicke (r; 2.9 km, at Udorf )
- Hessel Becke ( l, 1.5 km; below Udorf )
- Hasselbicke ( l, with 3.1 km, at Eilhausen )
- Heekerbicke ( l; 2.9 km, at Neudorf )
- Ünkenbicke (r, 2.4 km; below Neudorf )
- Goette bottom ( l, 1.6 km; below Neudorf )
- Laubach (r; 7.8 km, 17.7 km ², in Wrexen )
The water power of the Orpe was used at about 15 hammers and water mill sites in the Middle Ages. Even then, the Orpe in Wrexen was fed through a mill stream Diemel water and this extended Mühlengraben passed as Orpe by Wrexen, where about 8 more hammers and mills were operated. Before these channel-like extension was built, the mouth of the Orpe was in the west Diemel or above Wrexen.
The Orpe with its murky water and the Diemel find detailed literary mention in John of Düffels novel From The Water (1998).