Osborne Reynolds ( born August 23, 1842 in Belfast, Northern Ireland, † February 21, 1912 in Watchet, Somerset, England ) was a British physicist. According to him, the Reynolds number, one indicator to measure friction -prone flow processes named.
Reynolds studied at Queens ' College, Cambridge, where he made his mathematics degree ( MA) in 1867. In 1868 he became Professor of Civil and Mechanical Engineering at Owens College in Manchester. In 1905 he retired.
In addition to his work on fluid mechanics and turbulence, he is also known in soil mechanics because of some articles on the dilatancy of sand.
In 1877 he was admitted as a member ( "Fellow" ) to the Royal Society, the Royal Medal in 1888 awarded him. A crater on Mars is named after him, as the obsolete unit Reyn.
See also: Reynolds equations of Reynolds transport theorem
- Osborne Reynolds: Papers on Mechanical and Physical Subjects, Vol 1 ( 1869-1882 ). University Press, Cambridge, 1900.
- Osborne Reynolds: Papers on Mechanical and Physical Subjects, Vol 2 ( 1881-1900 ). University Press, Cambridge, 1901.
- Osborne Reynolds: Papers on Mechanical and Physical Subjects, Vol 3 (The submechanis of the Universe ). University Press, Cambridge. In 1903.
- Nicholas Petrov, Osborne Reynolds, Arnold Sommerfeld, Ludwig Hopf: essays on the hydrodynamic theory of lubrication friction. Academic. Verlagsgesellschaft, Leipzig 1927