Oscar Wilder Underwood ( born May 6, 1862 in Louisville, Kentucky; † January 25, 1929 in Accotink, Virginia ) was an American politician (Democratic Party), who represented the state of Alabama in both chambers of Congress.
Oscar Underwood was the grandson of Joseph R. Underwood, who had been sitting for Kentucky in both chambers of Congress. After attending the public schools of his home, the Rugby School in Louisville and the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, he studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1884, after which he began practicing in Birmingham (Alabama ).
His political career began with the election into the House of Representatives of the United States, where he served as the representative of the ninth constituency of Alabama from March 4, 1895. On 9 June 1896, he had his seat at the Republican Truman H. Aldrich cede, who had the choice Underwoods successfully challenged. But the following year he returned back in the Congress, where he remained until March 3, 1915 as a deputy. During this time he was also the first Whip of the Democratic minority faction after the introduction of this post 1900-1901. From 1911 to 1915 he served as Majority Leader ( Majority Leader ) of the Democrats in the House of Representatives and at this time was also Chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means.
In 1915, Underwood joined within the Congress in the Senate. There he rapidly gained a leading role and served from 1920 to 1923 as Minority Leader of the Democrats. He was re-elected in 1921; after six years, he applied no longer about re-election. Among other things, he was chairman of the Committee on Relations with Cuba; In 1921 and 1922 he served as the United States representative at the international Conference on Disarmament. In 1928 he participated at the 6th Conference of American States in Havana as a U.S. delegate.
Within his party Underwood competed in the run-up to the presidential election in 1912 for the nomination as Vice-President; In 1924 he failed in an attempt to become more democratic presidential candidate. As an opponent of Prohibition, he led the wing of his party, who stood in opposition to the Ku Klux Klan.
After the end of his political career Underwood sat on his estate Woodlawn Mansion in Virginia to rest, where he died in January 1929. He was buried in Birmingham.