The Easter Country (Latin: terra orientalis ) is a historical region in present-day Thuringia, Saxony and Saxony- Anhalt. The hilly landscape is the northernmost foothills of the Western Ore Mountains and slopes gently to the plains of southeastern Saxony -Anhalt from. It still shows some traces of former volcanic activity.
In the area of the later Easter country was 937 the Saxon Ostmark, the 965 was divided into five smaller administrative units ( brands). These included the Mark Lausitz, Mark Merseburg and Zeitz Mark, all of which were proportionately to the area of the Easter country. Through inheritance, the area emerged in the Margraviate of Landsberg in the 13th century.
In the 14th century, the colonization and thus the beginning of agricultural use was largely complete and has thus been replaced by clearing the dense forest as a formative form.
After the end of the GDR, a return took place on the historic landscape and the regional use of the term increased again. The output of the Leipzig People's Daily in Altenburger Land is sold as Easter countries People's Daily ( OVZ ) since the early 1990s. In Gera, there is an Easter Country School. Furthermore, there is the Easter landmark for dairy products milk works Thüringen GmbH in the Group Humana Milk Union.
The geographical extension of the understood under the term Easter Country landscape changed again and again, with the western boundary always remained the Saale ( in White Rock ). To the north stretched the landscape to Leipzig and hurry castle in the south to Eisenberg and Borna, in the east to Torgau; later times the well was considered a natural boundary. In the 14th century, extended the term by also Pleissenland added reckoned ( with Altenburg, Schmölln, Meerane, Ponitz and Zwickau ) and Gera and Schoenburg.