Oxford is located in the southwestern part of the state of Ohio. The town was founded in Oxford Township, originally called the College Township.
Oxford is located on U.S. Route 27, Ohio State Route 732 and Ohio State Route 73 Oxford in 1962 for the independent community and in 1971 the City.
The "College Township " was a whole divided off in the surveying of the land Township (United States) six miles (about 9.7 kilometers ) in length and width. It encompassed 36 square miles ( about 93 km ²) in the northwestern part of Butler County. Today, the name of this part of Oxford Township and is subject to a civil township administration.
Already on 5 May 1792, when the United States Congress authorized the sale of part of the Northwest Territory west of the Great Miami River to John Cleves Symmes, was determined that a township establishing a university and other educational institutions had to be provided. But this requirement went into the subsequent disputes over the land which was called Symmes Purchase, initially. After the founding of the State of Ohio, the establishment of a university was reaffirmed on 15 April 1803. Finally, on February 17, 1809 a three- member commission tasked to prepare the foundation. The commission chose the Township 5 in the first range east, later known as Oxford Township.
The population structure of Oxford is strongly influenced by the students living here from Miami University.
According to the census of 2000, there were 21,943 people at Oxford; there were registered 5,870 households and 2,066 families. The population density was 1,441 per km ². There 6,134 residential units were recorded. The racial the population was composed of 91.20 % White, 4.32 % African American, 0.17 % Native American, 2.42 % Asian, 0.02 % Pacific Islander residents from the and 0.48 % from other ethnic groups; 1.39 % said the lineage of several ethnicities. 1.44 % of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 5,870 households out of which 16.5 % have children living with them. 26.8 % were married couples living together, 6.4 % had a female householder with no husband, and 64.8 % were non-families. 32.0% of all households and 5.5% had someone living alone at the age of 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size 2.85.
The population was spread out with 8.3% under the age of 18, 66.8 % from 18 to 24, 11.7% 25-44 years, 8.4% from 45 to 64 years and 4.8 % of 65 years or older. The average age (median) was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males to 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.
The median income for a household (median) was $ 25 164, and the median income for a family $ 52,589. Males have a median income of $ 35,833, women $ 24,637. The per capita income was $ 12,165. Under the poverty line 13.4 % of families and 43.7 % of the population, including 18.8 % of the population under the age of 18 and 8.1 % of the population lived at the age of 65 years or older.